primitive accumulation

primitive accumulation

(MARXISM) the historical process whereby capital was originally amassed prior to CAPITALISM. In Das Kapital Marx asks how CAPITAL came into being before SURPLUS VALUE, which is only produced under capitalist social relationships. His answer was that the process of primitive accumulation involved, in England, the forcible expropriation of the peasantry from the land, making both land and labour available for agrarian capitalists who could then work the land for capitalist profit. This provided one of the main conditions for the emergence of capitalism: the separation of the producers from the means of production. A secondary factor in Marx's original formulation, but emphasized more strongly by some Marxists, was the role of colonialism in primitive accumulation. Marx in general sees that this had a role, through colonial plunder whereby wealth was extracted through noncapitalist means and transferred to Europe. However, to be transformed into capital there had also to be capitalist social relationships in Europe; hence its role can be seen as secondary. See also ACCUMULATION (OR EXPANDED OR EXTENDED REPRODUCTION) OF CAPITAL.
References in periodicals archive ?
They have no need for the primitive accumulation of material things they see among their leaders.
From this standpoint, Gregor explains how Mussolini's autarkical policies functioned as a substitute for the phase Marx calls primitive accumulation because they helped the state to rapidly grow its industry.
The creation of the private housing stock was tied as well to post-socialist primitive accumulation resulted from the privatization of state enterprises and from the investment of profit obtained in the due process into real estate businesses (1).
Sixteen chapters are: introduction: Marx is back; towards Marxian internet studies; digital Marx; the relevance of MarxAEs theory of primitive accumulation for media and communication research; the internet and ofrictionless capitalismo; digital media and capitalAEs logic of acceleration; how less alienation creates more exploitation?
However, since Perelman (2000) highlighted the continuing nature of primitive accumulation throughout capitalism's history, a growing body of literature theorizes the role, form, and nature of primitive accumulation within contemporary capitalism (cf.
I will restrict mine to three remarks: the definition of capital, the role of the labour movement, and primitive accumulation.
Continuous primitive accumulation in Ghana: the real-life stories of dispossessed peasants in three mining communities".
evoking primitive accumulation enacted by an "ex-"colonial power as it perpetrates its share of the neocolonialisms confusingly known as globalization.
The third part, which bears the somewhat vague title of "Ultraliberal African Exuberance as an Imperative Demand for Participation in the Economic World Revolution by Stressing the Primitive Accumulation of Capital", starts with criticism of the importance of the category of "kairos" for some African postmodernists.
The Art of Coercion: The Primitive Accumulation and Management of Coercive Power.
Is the reverse optimistic view of liberation through the use of the opportunities provided by new technology, not the half full bottle and as partial as the negative perspective of primitive accumulation as a long enumeration of thefts and crimes to serfdom?
Now a retired army officer, Wad Ibrahim joins a category that features strongly in the annals of primitive accumulation in Sudan's peripheries.