primitive accumulation

primitive accumulation

(MARXISM) the historical process whereby capital was originally amassed prior to CAPITALISM. In Das Kapital Marx asks how CAPITAL came into being before SURPLUS VALUE, which is only produced under capitalist social relationships. His answer was that the process of primitive accumulation involved, in England, the forcible expropriation of the peasantry from the land, making both land and labour available for agrarian capitalists who could then work the land for capitalist profit. This provided one of the main conditions for the emergence of capitalism: the separation of the producers from the means of production. A secondary factor in Marx's original formulation, but emphasized more strongly by some Marxists, was the role of colonialism in primitive accumulation. Marx in general sees that this had a role, through colonial plunder whereby wealth was extracted through noncapitalist means and transferred to Europe. However, to be transformed into capital there had also to be capitalist social relationships in Europe; hence its role can be seen as secondary. See also ACCUMULATION (OR EXPANDED OR EXTENDED REPRODUCTION) OF CAPITAL.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
As long as the National Assembly, the Senate and the county assemblies are populated by morally bankrupt, intellectually half-baked elements solely preoccupied with primitive accumulation, self-preservation and the occasional free lunch, then the likes of the Nation and the SRC will continue having adversaries within those chambers meant for people's representatives.Truth is, we have been going round this circle of castigating MPs' greed for ages because we have perfected the art of doublespeak.
Hall, Steve, and Simon Winlow 2007 "Cultural Criminology and Primitive Accumulation: A Formal Introduction for Two Strangers Who Should Really Become More Intimate." Crime, Media, Culture 3(1): 82-90.
Buhari said: '' I ...want to assure that we will continue to engage all parties that have the best interest of Nigerians at heart...Our government will remain inclusive and our doors will remain open...It is the only way to build the country of our dream; safe, secure, prosperous and free of impunity and primitive accumulation by those entrusted with public offices.' But Adams Oshiomhole, the national chairman of the president's All Progressives Congress, APC, has presented what contradicts his master's position.
Not surprisingly such public servants built institutions that no doubt outlived their time, only to see such institutions destroyed eventually by the envenomed appetite of primitive accumulation that started among some of Kenyatta's 'president's men,' continued with Daniel Moi at some geometric progression and blossomed into complete madness as we know it today.
During the first phase of primitive accumulation, the brutal conquest of the colonies, slavery, and the enclosure of the commons were all "under-criminalized." Resistance to colonial brutality, and petty crimes of survival by those who had been stripped of access to the means of subsistence were over-criminalized.
The Cultural Production of Intellectual Property Rights: Law, Labor, and the Persistence of Primitive Accumulation
Federici, Sylvia, Caliban and the Witch: Women, the Body and Primitive Accumulation (2004)
The primitive accumulation that characterizes their relation to Nature clashes sharply with the vision of the diminishing breed of planners and architects who have a clear notion of what it takes to benefit from Nature's magnificence while preserving it for future generations.
In spite of Wikipedia's claim that "Adam Smith's account of primitive-original accumulation depicted a peaceful process, in which some workers laboured more diligently than others and gradually built up wealth, eventually leaving the less diligent workers to accept living wages for their labour," Smith is hardly an originator of the idea of primitive accumulation. The biblical Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30), for example, speaks of accumulated wealth to be invested.
Inequality has widened on the back of the gap between returns on capital and returns on labour on the one hand and the persistent primitive accumulation in the form of looting in different sectors of the economy on the other, the think-tank said in a news release Friday.