primitive accumulation

primitive accumulation

(MARXISM) the historical process whereby capital was originally amassed prior to CAPITALISM. In Das Kapital Marx asks how CAPITAL came into being before SURPLUS VALUE, which is only produced under capitalist social relationships. His answer was that the process of primitive accumulation involved, in England, the forcible expropriation of the peasantry from the land, making both land and labour available for agrarian capitalists who could then work the land for capitalist profit. This provided one of the main conditions for the emergence of capitalism: the separation of the producers from the means of production. A secondary factor in Marx's original formulation, but emphasized more strongly by some Marxists, was the role of colonialism in primitive accumulation. Marx in general sees that this had a role, through colonial plunder whereby wealth was extracted through noncapitalist means and transferred to Europe. However, to be transformed into capital there had also to be capitalist social relationships in Europe; hence its role can be seen as secondary. See also ACCUMULATION (OR EXPANDED OR EXTENDED REPRODUCTION) OF CAPITAL.
References in periodicals archive ?
I will restrict mine to three remarks: the definition of capital, the role of the labour movement, and primitive accumulation.
evoking primitive accumulation enacted by an "ex-"colonial power as it perpetrates its share of the neocolonialisms confusingly known as globalization.
Now a retired army officer, Wad Ibrahim joins a category that features strongly in the annals of primitive accumulation in Sudan's peripheries.
Her discussion on neoliberalism West bases heavily on the works of David Harvey and his use of Marx's concept of primitive accumulation, or 'accumulation by dispossession', which strives for the 'privatization of land and means of production' (p.
By 2007 concessions had been granted across Sudan, significantly increasing the opportunities for primitive accumulation and its attendant violences in the exploitation of oil as well as the projected mining of natural gas, gold, silver and uranium (ECOS, 2007; Suliman, 2008).
He sees both as "periods of expansive primitive accumulation in which noncapitalist economies are forcibly converted into fledgling capitalist economies.
He then traces the development of capitalism from the primitive accumulation stage to the "epochal shift of the current phase of globalization following the 1973 worldwide economic crisis.
The author examines the processes of primitive accumulation by which white colonists gradually extracted surplus product and labor from the Khoisan population (pp.
When early feudal economies gave way to ones based on money, the symbolic systems for Jerusalem, and religion in general, took on parallel forms from "gift and barter in the early Middle Ages through monetization and primitive accumulation in the later Middle Ages to capitalism and globalization in modernity" (235).
Scholars of political economy and international development will long for more on the process driving--and linking--the stories of individual commodities, from the dynamics of enclosures and primitive accumulation, to colonialism, to the economic architecture of globalization such as the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (the WTO and World Bank receive only scant attention, the IMF not a single mention).
New specimens came not from primitive accumulation by Europeans on expedition but rather through a complex commercial network where Chinese had the upper hand.