primitive gut


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Primitive gut

The tubular structure in embryos which differentiates into the alimentary canal. The method by which the primitive gut arises depends chiefly on the yolk content of the egg.

Eggs with small or moderate amounts of yolk usually develop into spherical blastulae which invaginate at the vegetative pole to form double-walled gastrulae. The invaginated sac extends in length to become the primitive gut.

Animals such as fish, reptiles, and birds, having more yolk than can be cleaved, form flattened gastrulae consisting of three-layered blastoderms surmounting the yolk. Mammals also belong in this group, although the yolk has been lost secondarily in all except the monotremes. The head is formed by a folding of the blastoderm upon itself. The entodermal layer within the head fold becomes the pharynx. This foregut is extended by an anterior growth of the whole head and by the union of lateral entodermal folds at its posterior boundary. In most forms, the hindgut arises by a similar folding in the opposite direction, the tail fold, at the posterior end of the blastoderm. See Cleavage (embryology), Gastrulation, Ovum

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

primitive gut

[′prim·əd·iv ′gət]
(embryology)
The tubular structure in embryos which differentiates into the alimentary canal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Further differentiation towards more specialized cell types has also been achieved, for example, formation of primitive gut tube endoderm (SOX17/Hnf1b positive [9,10]), pancreatic progenitor cells (Pdx1/Cpa1 positive [11,12]), and hepatic progenitor cells (AFP/HNF4a positive [13]) from definitive endoderm progenitor cells.
(1) During the third week of embryonic development, the dorsal portion of the primitive foregut lengthens to form the oesophagus, and the ventral portion of the primitive gut undergoes differentiation to form the tracheobronchial tree.
(3,4) Since carcinoids can occur in any tissue derived from the primitive gut, these tumors probably represented the most forward position of the cells of origin in the primitive foregut.
From the embryology, this artery is the caudal part of the artery to the anterior intestine, being responsible for the blood supply of the organs that constitute the anterior part of the primitive gut: liver, spleen, pancreas, stomach and proximal part of the duodenum.
At the 3-4th of development, as a result of cephalocaudal and lateral foldings of the embryo, a portion of the endoderm-lined yolc sac cavity is incorporated in the embryo to from the primitive gut. Primitive gut is composed of four main regions which are pharyngeal gut, foregut, midgut, and hindgut; respectively.