primitive society

primitive society

the least internally differentiated, and earliest, form(s) of human societies. As one of a number of terms (e.g. SIMPLE SOCIETY or SAVAGERY) also used to refer to such societies, the use of’primitive society’ suggests an elementary or basic level of technological and social organizational complexity. Theorists such as Levy-Bruhl (1923) have also proposed ‘pre-logical’ forms of primitive mentality associated with such levels of technological and social organization.

Notwithstanding the sympathetic and non-judgemental way that the term ‘primitive society’ has often been employed, the pejorative connotations of it have tended to lead to the use of alternative terms such as simple society, TRIBAL SOCIETY or NONLITERATE SOCIETY. However, none of these alternatives is able to entirely escape derogatory overtones. These arise from the basic cultural assumptions of modern societies in which modern society is seen as a superior form. The only solution is to continue to work towards accounts of premodern societies which do not automatically adopt such assumptions but explore the qualities of these forms of society in an open-ended way see also EVOLUTIONARY THEORY.

References in classic literature ?
If primitive society is understood in the light of the state, the state is understood in the light of its most perfect form, when the good after which all societies are seeking is realised in its perfection.
The consort of Governor Shute, moreover, had been as a mother to her childhood, and was now anxious to receive her, in the hope that a beautiful young woman would be exposed to infinitely less peril from the primitive society of New England than amid the artifices and corruptions of a court.
If you describe to him a set of wild manners, and a state of primitive society existing in the Highlands of Scotland, he is much disposed to acquiesce in the truth of what is asserted.
Dogs are human's most loyal friends protecting their owners since the primitive society.
We may not be identical with our distant ancestor, but we are still we, having assimilated the various elements introduced into our primitive society.
The Ethiopian project, which aims to transform traditional primitive society into an industrial society based on transformational industries, including water conversion as Ethiopia's most important resource for electric power and a bargaining tool to build a more diversified economy, even at the expense of historic partners in water, agriculture and pasture.
We were dealing with a primitive society, of simple, peaceful people, living under rural peasant conditions in huts built of local wood poles with thatched roofs.
The famous French sociologist's endeavor was indeed oriented towards a general and total critique of the psychological and cognitive approach to religion and ritual, especially because of the success recorded by the evolutionary theory on primitive society and animism in British anthropology (such as the contributions of E.
Snyder, who is most sympathetic to the hunter-gatherer "old ways" of primitive society is critical of Berry's Christianity; he sees it as a religion "that says the living creatures of the earth are 'meat' for our use" and encourages too rigid a distinction between "creator and creation.
Once upon a time, on a small island in the middle of a vast ocean, toiled a primitive society of one hundred people who ate only fish.
This process is similar to the one in which a person who seeks to join a clandestine organization or a primitive society declare the "evil spirits" of that organization or clan as his enemies and denigrate them openly.
The teenagers are captured and separated, and they struggle to survive in a primitive society.