Primula


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Primula

(prĭm`yələ): see primroseprimrose,
common name for the genus Primula of the Primulaceae, a family of low perennial herbs with species found on all continents, most frequently in north temperate regions.
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Primula

 

(primroses), a genus of plants of the family Primulaceae. The plants are perennial scapose herbs. The leaves develop in a basal rosette. The flowers, which are regular and pentamerous, are yellow, pink, or red. The inflorescences are umbellate; less commonly, the flowers are solitary. The calyx is campanulate or tubular, and the corolla is tubular with a funnelform or rotate blade. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 500 species of primrose, distributed throughout the world. Most are encountered in temperate zones and in alpine regions. There are about 70 species in the USSR. The cowslip (P. veris), an early-spring plant measuring 10–30 cm tall, has wrinkled leaves and bright yellow flowers. It grows practically everywhere in the European USSR in dry meadows, along forest edges, and in open forests. P. macrocalyx is found in the European part of the Soviet Union (chiefly in southern regions), in the Caucasus, and in southern Siberia. The roots of both species, which contain saponins, essential oils, and glycosides, are used as expectorants. The flowers and leaves are used in the production of alcoholic drinks. The leaves contain large amounts of vitamins and saponins and are used to treat avitaminosis and other vitamin deficiencies. Several species, including the two mentioned above, are nectariferous. A number of species are ornamentals, including P. vulgaris and the oxlip (P. elatior).

REFERENCE

Fedorov, A. A. “Pervotsvet— Primula L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

primula

any primulaceous plant of the N temperate genus Primula, having white, yellow, pink, or purple funnel-shaped flowers with five spreading petals: includes the primrose, oxlip, cowslip, and polyanthus
References in periodicals archive ?
Candelabra primulas are some of my favourite plants and this year they have been spectacular.
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Primula Cheese has been around for almost 100 years, launching as the world's first spreadable cheese in 1924.
Candelabra primulas come with brilliant orange or yellow, red, pink, white and even dark maroon flowers and each ring of blooms opens in succession, perhaps one every five or six days, to provide a show that lasts several weeks through May and June.
?Rock cress, primula and Aubrieta must be ripe enough to show buds.
From left, Louise Carroll, Catherine Purdy, Primula MD Paul Lewney, Linda Hawkins, Marissa Magee, Helen Alderson of St Oswald's, Primula's Mark Platten and Nikki Wilkinson
Primula Vulgaris If you didn't plant your bulbs in autumn you can buy them in containers now ready for planting as they are about to come into flower.
Lisa Thornton, Head of Marketing at Primula, said: "We believe this will be a big hit with Primula lovers and young adults looking to add a flavour burst to their cooking or have it on hand at the table for tacos, fajitas and burgers.
Based on European Medicines Agency (EMA) and European Pharmacopeia monographs, Primula preparations are produced exclusively out of P.
Or if you love the wild primrose, Primula vulgaris, try it with puschkinia, sci llas or chionodoxa and anemone nemoro sa, our Or if you love the wild primrose, Primula vulgaris, try it with puschkinia, sci llas or chionodoxa and anemone nemoro sa, our native wood anemone.
VVGOOGLING a runner Cowslip 2.00 Carlisle Primula officinalis or Cowslip is a deep yellow flower in the genus Primula of the family Primulaceae.
FROM THE PRIMULA LINE OF TREND-FORWARD BEVERAGE-RELATED PRODUCTS, the I.M.