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1958–2016, American singer and songwriter, b. Minneapolis, Minn., as Prince Rogers Nelson. Biracial, slim, and sexily androgynous, he was an electrifying performer who composed hundreds of songs in a blend of funk with rhythm-and-blues, rock, and pop music, often with sexualized lyrics. He also was an instrumental virtuoso who played the guitar, keyboards, and drums among others, and was a record producer and an arranger as well. Among his Top 10 hits were the breakout "Little Red Corvette" (1983) and the title song, "Let's Go Crazy," and "When Doves Cry" from the semiautobiographical film Purple Rain (1984; Academy Award, best original song score), in which he starred. Other hits include "Raspberry Beret" (1985) and "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" (1994). One of the world's best-selling artists and a seven-time Grammy winner, he released 39 albums including Purple Rain (1984), Sign "O" the Times (1987), Dirty Mind (1999), The Rainbow Children (2001), and HITnRUN Phase Two (2015), his last. In the 1990s when a dispute with his record company led him to change his name to a symbol he became known as The Artist Formerly Known As Prince. His later career was largely sustained by his popular concerts. Prince, who was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, died of a drug overdose.


See study by B. Greenman (2017).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the ninth through the 16th century, the head of a feudal monarchichal state of a separate political formation (appanage prince) among the Slavs and some other peoples; a representative of the feudal aristocracy; later, a gentry title.

Originally, the prince was a tribal leader who headed a military democracy. Gradually, the title of prince came to be associated with the head of the early feudal state. The princely authority, which at first had usually been determined by an election, gradually became hereditary (for example, the descendants of Riurik in Rus’, Gediminas and Jagello in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Piast in Poland, and Premysl in Bohemia). In Rus’ and Lithuania princes who were the heads of the big feudal political formations were called grand princes. (However, in countries such as Poland and Bohemia, where the princes were the heads of feudal monarchies, they adopted the title of king.) With the formation of centralized states, the appanage princes gradually became part of the grand prince’s court in Russia (from 1547, the tsar’s court), and in the Polish-Lithuanian state, part of the king’s court.

Until the 18th century the title of prince in Russia could be acquired only by birthright. However, from the early 18th century the tsar bestowed the title on high dignitaries as a reward for special services. (A. D. Menshikov was the first to be granted the title of prince.) After the victory of the October Revolution the title of prince was abolished in Russia by the decree On the Abolition of Estates and Civil Ranks, which was issued by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee on Nov. 10 (23), 1917.

The German term Fürst, which took root in medieval Germany as the name for the representatives of the higher imperial aristocracy, is translated as kniaz’ (prince) in Russian.



the title of a nonreigning member of a royal house or any sovereign house in Western Europe. The prince of Wales is the title of the heir to the British throne. The term is also used to designate the heirs to the throne of certain countries of the Orient, such as Laos, Cambodia, and Thailand.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a prince?

Dreaming of royalty may indicate bestowal of honors and recognition upon the dreamer for accomplishments in mastering personal or professional obstacles.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


1. (in Britain) a son of the sovereign or of one of the sovereign's sons
2. a nonreigning male member of a sovereign family
3. the monarch of a small territory, such as Monaco, usually called a principality, that was at some time subordinate to an emperor or king
4. any sovereign; monarch
5. a nobleman in various countries, such as Italy and Germany
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Software that converts XML and HTML documents into the PDF format from YesLogic Pty. Ltd., Melbourne, Australia ( With versions for Windows, Mac and Linux, Prince uses cascading style sheets (CSS) for both XML, HTML and XHTML input. Known for its comprehensive support of intricate page layout, Prince enables extremely complex documents to be converted accurately into PDFs. Prince is also used to create custom PDF documents on the fly, such as invoices and receipts.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The leaders of the individual princedoms continued to rule independently, although recognising the Dewa Agung of the princedom of Klungkung as King of Bali.
What gives the work its extraordinary power is first of all the rich symbolic resonance of its images of the natural world: the tortoises whose "crowning curse is their impulse to straightforwardness in a belittered world" (132); Rock Rodondo with its strata evoking both the biological chain of being and the "thrones, princedoms [and] powers" of human society (135); the tricky tides and shifting winds which confuse sailors trying to approach these apparently "wandering" islands.
The dances which remain display to view Princedoms, Archangels, and one circle more With Angels' jubilation is filled through.
Some of the letters, of course, are especially well known -- like that of 9 April 1513, when Machiavelli announced that fortune compelled him to talk about politics, and that of 10 December 1513, when he poignantly described his life in exile from Florence and announced the composition of his little work on princedoms. Yet by viewing Machiavelli's political reflections on power and domination as an extension of his rhetorically and emotionally charged relationship with Vettori, Najemy offers a radically new context for interpreting The Prince.
38 In Miltonic (note 5) terms, the invocation to order is a sign of the divine, and it is clear that there is an established hierarchy in heaven: "Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Powers and Essential Powers" (5.840-41); see also, "Cherub and Seraph, Potentates and Thrones, / And Virtues, wing'd Spirits" (7.198-99) and "Thrones, Princedoms, Powers, Dominions" (3.320).
This makes it all the more curious that, at a time when Italian rulers were demonstrably coming to recognize the potential of music as part of the rhetoric of statecraft, Venice, more powerful than any of the princedoms of the peninsula, seems to have ignored it.
Greater financial resources and more diplomatic maneuvering were evident in the later years of the seventeenth century and Louis XIV's wars, followed by the aftermath of the French Revolution with absorption of countless surviving medieval princedoms by large powers in the name of Enlightenment.
This is a key factor in the current disintegration of the country into feudal-type princedoms. Those who hold power in a district, city, region, or republic hold power over its property and want to fence this power off from outside interference.
Ma'ab, and Udumu), as well as some princedoms in Cyprus (Jadnana) remained Assyrian vassals.
The British established "residents" (political advisors) in most of the Malay states who, in many cases, became the actual rulers of the various princedoms and sultanates.
NOT as you might think at first glance an account of the forced transition of Wales from independent princedoms to England's first colony, but an exploration of an aspect of that colonisation of the Welsh Marches.
Multiple risks attend incorporating "petty princedoms"--indeed, your own enemies--into your kingdom (The Coming of Arthur, 1.