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Related to principality: Principality of Liechtenstein


a. a territory ruled by a prince
b. a territory from which a prince draws his title
2. the dignity or authority of a prince



(in Russian, kniazhestvo), a monarchical state headed by a prince and most typical of the period of feudal fragmentation. In ancient Rus’ the first principalities were established between the ninth and early tenth centuries. In the 11th to 12th centuries a number of principalities broke away from Kievan Rus’ (which in turn disintegrated into appanages held by representatives of the princely family) and were named after their capitals (for example, the principalities of Riazan’ and Vladimir). The largest of them were called grand principalities. From the end of the 15th century through the early 16th the principalities of northeastern Rus’ were united to form a centralized Russian state under the Grand Principality of Moscow.

In other states, the principality (in German, Fürstentum and in French, principauté) was also the typical political formation of the period of feudal fragmentation. Territorial principalities continued to exist in Germany until they were united to form the German Empire in 1871. A number of principalities still exist (Liechtenstein and Monaco in Western Europe and the Arab principalities on the Persian Gulf [United Arab Emirates]). Until 1950 there were principalities in India.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chris Clarke, Principality Premiership clubs chairman added, "The format of the league has been amended this coming season in line with the suggestions of supporters and clubs and we look forward to another challenging and competitive season.
Principality boss, Graeme Yorston, at Principality HQ, Cardiff.
Individuals and businesses looking to save, invest and protect their interests will find reassurance in the fact that figures announced for the first six months of 2011 show Principality not only continues to prosper in a difficult marketplace, but has once again delivered a robust set of results, including strong half-year pre-tax profits of pounds 14.
As stressing Monaco seeking to contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals, Prince Albert said "the Principality had pledged for several years to develop a number of poor and marginalized regions worldwide.
Graeme Yorston, chief operating officer at Principality Building Society, said: "At Principality, we are keen to support grassroots rugby throughoutWales and we have been delighted to sponsor Jamie's column.
No-one was available for comment from the Principality last night.
The truth is, Wales has not been a principality since the 16th century.
Principality Building Society are also title sponsors of the Principality Only Boys Aloud Academi, an intensive, week-long residential for OBA members aged 16 and over who show a great amount of musical and performance potential.
James Enos, National Agency Manager at Principality, added: "The Caernarfon agency is a great opportunity for us to work in partnership with a trusted local business, and we are are really looking forward to providing our services in an area of such Welsh importance.
PRINCIPALITY Building Society's intermediaries division has made an appointment to its business development team as part of its ambitious growth plans.
COFFEE #1 has teamed up with Principality to open its 11th branch this year.
URDD Gobaith Cymru youth organisation has secured a new sponsorship deal with Principality Building Society as the main sponsor of the Sport Department's primary national competition.