prior-art search

prior-art search

[′prī·ər ‚ärt ‚sərch]
(engineering)
A search for prior art which may possibly anticipate an invention which is being considered for patentability.
A similar search but for the purpose of determining what the status of existing technology is before going ahead with new research; it is done to avoid unwittingly retracing new steps taken by other workers in the field.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
To determine validity, there is no efficient substitute for a costly prior-art search and expert evaluation.
Prior-art searches are conducted both by patent examiners and by private attorneys, who may be trying to determine whether a patent is likely to survive litigation or may be looking for prior art to invalidate it.
One type is designed to provide application-specific information in each examination, for instance by requiring applicants to submit the results of commercial prior-art searches. (125) Another type is designed to solicit information from third parties about prior art, for instance by crowdsourcing prior-art searches or by facilitating post-grant review of granted patents.
Relecura is a web-based patent and portfolio analysis platform that uses a knowledge discovery framework to simplify IP analysis for prior-art search, technology landscaping, competitive intelligence, and IP commercialization activities.