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a person deprived of liberty and kept in prison or some other form of custody as a punishment for a crime, while awaiting trial, or for some other reason



(Russian, zakliuchennyi), a person arrested by way of a measure of restraint. In the USSR the legal status of the prisoner is defined by the Statute on Preliminary Confinement Under Guard (July 11, 1969), according to which persons in custody in places of preliminary confinement have obligations and rights established by the legislation enacted for citizens of the USSR, with restrictions arising from the regimen of custody.

Prisoners have the right to receive, in accordance with established procedure, packages, parcels, and money orders; they may also purchase food and other necessities by means of cashless transactions, have in their possession documents and notes pertinent to their case, and use books from the prison library. Female prisoners have the right to have with them children up to two years of age. Visits of relatives and other persons are granted, as a rule, once a month with the permission of the official or agency in charge of the proceedings of the given case. The same procedure governs correspondence with relatives and other citizens. Meetings with lawyers are granted without restrictions and for any length of time. Prisoners may be recruited for work only with their consent and with the permission of agencies of inquiry, the procurator, or the court, and they may work only at the place of preliminary confinement. The conditions of prisoners’ work and the payment for their work are determined by the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Sometimes the term “prisoner” applies to all persons in confinement, including those serving sentences upon conviction by a court; from the legal point of view, these persons are called convicts.

I. V. SHMAROV [9–90CM]

References in classic literature ?
Evidence as to the financial difficulties in which the prisoner had found himself at the end of July.
The judge gave vent to a faint murmur of disapprobation, and the prisoner in the dock leant forward angrily.
They all declared unanimously that it was certainly not his hand-writing, and gave it as their view that it might be that of the prisoner disguised.
And you," returned the prisoner, "who bade me to ask to see you; you, who, when I did ask to see you, came here promising a world of confidence; how is it that, nevertheless, it is you who are silent, leaving it for me to speak?
said he suddenly to the prisoner, aloud, without preparing him for the alteration.
The grave-looking yeomen who composed this tribunal laid their heads together for a few minutes, without leaving the box, when the foreman arose, and, after the forms of the court were duly observed, he pronounced the prisoner to be “Not guilty.
It accused the prisoner of resisting the execution of a search-warrant, by force of arms, and particularized in the vague language of the law, among a variety of other weapons, the use of the rifle.
He found the prisoner in the same position, as if fixed there, his eyes swollen with weeping.
The jailer saw by his tone he would be happy to die; and as every prisoner is worth ten sous a day to his jailer, he replied in a more subdued tone.
Why, look at one of them prisoners in the bottom dungeon of the Castle Deef, in the harbor of Marseilles, that dug himself out that way; how long was HE at it, you reckon?
The prisoner was one of those military adventurers who sold their blood to whoever would buy, and grew old in stratagems and spoils.
The prisoner muttered a few words in a foreign tongue.