proactive interference


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Related to proactive interference: anterograde amnesia, Retroactive interference

proactive interference

[Prō‚ak·tiv ‚in·tər′fir·əns]
(psychology)
The situation in which old memories inhibit the learning of new memories.
References in periodicals archive ?
Does proactive interference play a significant role in visual working memory tasks?
With the exception of the proactive interference variable of RAVLT, all the others showed a higher deficit frequency in the severe TBI group than in the mild TBI group.
(1) Proactive interference resulting from the repeated measures design used in the current study appears to have had only a minor effect on performance, consistent with previous studies showing release of proactive interference when participants shift from speech to sign and vice versa (Hoemann & Keske, 1995; Hoemann & Koenig, 1990).
However, according to Terry (2005), dual store theories have fallen out of favor as a result of alternative explanations for primacy effect provided by Zhao (1997) through his demonstration of proactive interference or alternatively, retroactive interference; and also by Greene, 1986, in his findings of long-term recency when certain experimental paradigms are used.
Age differences in proactive interference, working memory, and abstract reasoning.
Effects of varying trial distribution, intra- and extramaze cues, and amount of reward on proactive interference in the radial maze.
This difference reflects the benefits of direct forgetting, that is, inhibition of List 1 reduces the amount of proactive interference and produces better recall of List 2.
Further evidence that inhibition produced with the list method is temporary is the reinstatement of proactive interference from List 1 items in recall for List 2 items.
"I am angered," said the senator, "by the proactive interference from the U.N.
Proactive interference occurs when previously presented information hinders the learning of new material, while retroactive interference occurs when the retention of previously presented information is reduced by subsequent learning.
By the taxonomy mentioned in section 1, the slotted seeded channel hopping (SSCH) scheme [3] falls under the proactive interference avoidance approach.