probation

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probation,

method by which the punishment of a convicted offender is conditionally suspended. The offender must remain in the community and under the supervision of a probation officer, who is usually a court-appointed official. In theory, probation is not a form of leniency but is intended for offenders whose rehabilitation can be better achieved by community care than by imprisonment. However, the offender's original sentence remains in force and can be invoked should he violate the provisions of the probation. Probation differs from paroleparole
, in criminal law, release from prison of a convict before the expiration of his term on condition that his activities be restricted and that he report regularly to an officer.
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 in that the latter requires the offender to have served a portion of his sentence in an institution. The first law in the United States that established the essentials of a modern probation system was enacted in Massachusetts in 1878; in 2010 some 4 million people were on probation in the United States.
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probation

1. a system of dealing with offenders by placing them under the supervision of a probation officer
2. on probation
a. under the supervision of a probation officer
b. undergoing a test period
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Jamie Long, DFL-Minneapolis, is author of a bill that would cap Minnesota probation terms for most felons at five years.
Her subsequent probation likely would've ended in February 2022.
After that, she'd serve 40 years' probation. Schroeder took the deal.
PESHAWAR -- Khyber Pakthunkhwa government has embarked upon a plan to strengthen Parole and Probation Department to help reintegrate young offenders charged in minor offenses into national mainstream.
Officials at Directorate of Reclamation and Probation (DRP), an attached body of Home and Tribal Affairs Department KP told reporter on Monday that a comprehensive plan has been chalked out to equip offices of Parole and Probation Officers with all necessary furniture, vehicles, computers, drivers and clerical staff in all districts of the province.
DRP was formed in 1965 with a prime objective to provide alternatives like probation and parole services to incarcerations, thereby implementing and promoting reformative theory of justice and help reintegrate young offenders charged in petty nature offenses into mainstream.
In this state, an individual who is caught driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol can receive a sentence that includes one or more (usually more) of the following: jail time, punitive fines, suspended license, DUI probation, DUI schools, and other punishments.
During a DUI probation period, the courts may order compulsory drug and alcohol treatment or may require attendance in a DUI School.
Criminal DUI probation periods are different depending on the state law and circumstances involved in the DUI offense.
On the other hand, probationers have greatly reduced expectations of privacy because of the terms of their probations, especially where, as here, the probationer agrees to a search provision.
Knights was convicted of a state drug offense and sentenced by a California court to probation. The terms of his probation included the condition that Knights submit to a search by police at anytime, with or without a search or arrest warrant, and with or without probable cause or reasonable suspicion.
The circuit court held that the search condition in Knights' probation order must be read as limited to searches for probationary purposes and must stop short of criminal investigation searches.