procaine


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procaine

(prōkān`), anesthetic drug, commonly called novocaine, that gives prolonged relief from pain (see anesthesiaanesthesia
[Gr.,=insensibility], loss of sensation, especially that of pain, induced by drugs, especially as a means of facilitating safe surgical procedures. Early modern medical anesthesia dates to experiments with nitrous oxide (laughing gas) by Sir Humphry Davy of England
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). It is used as a local anesthetic and in rectal and other surgerysurgery,
branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and the excision and repair of pathological conditions by means of operative procedures (see also anesthesia; medicine; radiology).
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. It is marketed under the trade name Novocain.

procaine

[′prō‚kān]
(organic chemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
Procaine, scientifically known as: 2-diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate monohydrochloride, is a cheap short-acting local anesthetic.
The authors of [18] developed a sensor for the determination of the procaine and lidocaine content in aqueous solutions and dosage forms, whose analytical signal is the Donnan potential (DP sensor).
The affected sheep were treated with a single dose of 70,000IU of procaine benzylpenicillin and 70mg of dihydrostreptomycin sulfate, which is a low cost control method.
Effects of steroid with repetitive procaine HCl injection in the management of carpal tunnel syndrome: an ultrasonographic study.
- GinvapastA components consist of calcium glu- conate, cetylpyridinium chloride and procaine hydrochloride.
Immediately following implantation, each rat was injected with 0.1 ml of 200,000 units of Penicillin G Procaine. At 90 days post-implantation, all animals from each group were euthanized using an overdose of halothane.
Ryanodine [100 [micro]M; a specific ryanodine receptor (RyR) blocker] and procaine (30 mM; a nonspecific RyR blocker) did not block the increase in resting tension induced by eugenol regardless of whether extracellular calcium was present.
In the past, diluting pethidine with 0.25% procaine also provided protection against the reaction.
The combination is potentially fatal as procaine constricts blood vessels while ecstasy increases heart rate.
Consecutive daily treatment with procaine penicillin for 30 days was successful in all six sheep identified with pleural/superficial lung abscesses measuring 2-8 cm in diameter; only one of two sheep with more extensive lesions recovered.
Those with physician-confirmed omphalitis were treated for 7 days with topical gentian violet or oral cephalexin (as monotherapy) or topical gentian violet and oral cephalexin (combination therapy) at physician discretion, or injectable therapy (procaine penicillin and gentamicin) if clinical signs of sepsis were also present and family refused hospital referral.