Proclitic


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Proclitic: enclitic

Proclitic

 

an unstressed word (often monosyllabic) closely bound in a phrase to a following word, which has a stress. For example, in na stené (”on the wall”) and ty khodíl (”you walked”), na and ty are proclitics. Proclitics are usually articles, prepositions, particles, negatives, or conjunctions.

References in periodicals archive ?
Garrapa deals with a large set of determiners and proclitics, showing that the former present higher elision rates than the latter, in both elicited and spontaneous speech.
Table 2 summarises some of these properties, including the possibility to form a predicate, or modify a noun, with versus without a subject-mood proclitic.
For example, nouns are lenited after certain proclitics, as shown in (2), but not after others, as shown in (3).
But even since these forthcoming articles were completed, "new enclitic and proclitic counts" by Tarlinskaja have altered Elliott and Valenza's "Shakespeare range minima from 43/365 to 27/265, both more favorable than the old ones to a Shakespeare ascription" for A Lover's Complaint.
The first part is formed from the imperfect participle of the future auxiliary verb we and the finite auxiliary CbM, the second part from the particle [partial derivative]a (a proclitic with conjunctive function) and the present tense of the main verb.
EX = first person exclusive non-singular pronoun, 2SG = second person singular pronoun, 2NSG = second person non-singular pronoun, 3SG = third person singular pronoun, 3NSG = third person non-singular pronoun, ACC = accusative case article, AL = alienable noun suffix, APPL applicative suffix, CAUS = causative prefix, COM = comitative preposition, CONJ = conjunction, CONST = construct suffix, DEN = 'denizen of', DIR = suffix indicting motion towards addressee, or past/future deictic centre, DL = dual number particle, IRR = irrealis mood particle, LOC = locative case article, O = object enclitic, P = possessive suffix, PERS = personal noun article, REAL = realis mood particle, REDUP = reduplication, S = subject proclitic, TEL = telic aspect particle, to.
It occurs, in the Rime and in the Divine Comedy as in the work of Dante's contemporaries, in the great majority of word combinations where an initial vowel (or h) is preceded either (1) by a polysyllable with a final accented falling diphthong (an accented followed by an unaccented vowel: -ai, -ea) or with a final accented vowel (either short, as in virtu, or long as in finii, or an elided falling diphthong, as in cantere'); or (2) by any monosyllable ending in a vowel except di (3) (conjunction), the definite article, the proclitic pronouns (lo, la, li, le, mi, ti, si, ci, vi, ne), and the negative no.
I have excluded all cases where an `apparent' clash is mitigated by the presence of a proclitic (relative pronouns, unemphatic adverbs, prepositions) and/or enclitic (personal and indefinite pronouns, certain uses of esse, cf.
It appears that the prohibition on dips following Bs ending in a word with non-categorical stress is so extreme that the non-categorically stressed words in the off-verse - proclitic possessives, as well as adverbs - will also be stressed.
In Eton, the diminutive and the augmentative are encoded by means of proclitic words.
The focus markers as such are the verbal proclitic mer=, the nominal suffix -len and the pronominal suffix -ek (5).
The dictionary has separated proclitic prepositions and preposition clusters occurring with nouns into subentries and individual lexemes.