Procyonidae

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Procyonidae

[‚prō·sē′än·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivoran mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including raccoons and their allies.

Procyonidae

 

a family of mammals of the order Carnivora, consisting of small pentadactyl, plantigrade animals. They have elongated bodies with thick downy fur, short legs, and a long tail covered with thick hair.

Several species of Procyonidae live in trees. There are seven genera; all are found in the western hemisphere, except for the genus Ailunts, which lives in Asia. This genus has only one species, the lesser panda(A.fulgens). There are two species of raccoons (genus Procyon). The only species of the genus Bassariscus, the cacomistle or ring-tailed cat (B. astutus), inhabits Mexico and the southwestern USA. The sole species of the genus Bassaricyon, the B. gabbii, is found in Central America and northern South America. The genus Potos has a single species, the kinkajou (P. caudivolvulus). The little, or mountain, coati (N. olivacea), the only species of the genus Nasuella, is found throughout the Andes. The genus Nasua also has a single species.

Several species of the family Procyonidae are commercially valuable for their fur. The giant panda, which was once included in the family Procyonidae, is now classified in the family Ursidae (bear family) or is treated as a separate family of animals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pet dogs, kinkajous and other procyonids, and skunks (host of a related Baylisascaris species) (1), which might be kept as exotic pets, should receive routine veterinary care, including regular dewormings and periodic fecal examinations.
The biological sample collection and search for parasites in procyonids were authorized by the System for Authorization and Information on Biodiversity from the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity (SISBIO/ICMBIO, protocol 30710-1).
Biologic samples were obtained by convenience from free-living procyonids and animals kept in captivity in wildlife refuges and zoobotanical parks in the states of Amapa and Para (Figure 1).
The procyonids were identified according to the characteristics described in the Neotropical Rainforest Mammals field guide (EMMONS & FEER, 1997) and were classified according to the type of habitat into group A (captive animals) and group B (free-living animals).
From February 2012 to August 2013, biological samples were collected from procyonids (male, female) of varying ages.
DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the procyonids using the Axy Prep Blood Genomic DNA Miniprep kit (Axygen Biosciences[R]), following the manufacturer's instructions.To obtain a PCR positive control, DNA was extracted from the blood of a mouse x experimentally infected with T.
Fisher's exact test was used to determine the association between the analysis results as a function of the type of habitat of the procyonids,considering P<0.05 and 95% of confidence interval.
evansi DNA was detected by PCR in 18.52% (10/54) of blood samples from procyonids (Table 1).
Regarding physical inspection, 9.26% (5/54) of the procyonids exhibited mucosal hypopigmentation, and 7.41% (4/54) of them exhibited alopecic lesions.
A similar problem also face the procyonids Procyon insularis, Nasua nelsoni (Cuaron et al., 2004), B.