The miR-30 miRNA family regulates Xenopus pronephros
development and targets the transcription factor Xlim1/Lhx1.
In addition to cytokines, the immune system of teleost fishes is regulated by neuroendocrine interactions, primarily through the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis, because the pronephros
, in addition to their roles as lymphoid organs, has important endocrine functions.
Antibody-farming cells in the pronephros
the teleost: Lepomis macrochirus.
Nephric development in the sheep with reference to the problem of the ruminant pronephros
. Journal of Anatomy, v.85, n.1, p.6-11, 1951.
As in fishes, the larval anuran kidney is the pronephros
. It functions primarily in the excretion of water and ammonia.
We have begun a study to image [Ca.sup.2+] signaling during the formation of the pronephros
(the functional embryonic kidney) in both intact zebrafish and Xenopus laevis embryos, as well as in Xenopus animal caps that are isolated at the blastula stage and induced to differentiate into pronephric tubules by incubation with retinoic acid (RA) and activin A (AA).
Cilia-driven fluid flow in the zebrafish pronephros
, brain and Kupffer's vesicle is required for normal organogenesis.
The 125-[micro]M dose resulted in expression in epithelial cells of the developing skin, gill, olfactory organ, digestive tract, liver, pronephric ducts of the pronephros
, and in the lateral line neuromasts (Figure 3).
Dynamic patterns of gene expression in the developing pronephros
of Xenopus laevis.