proportional representation


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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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Proportional Representation

 

in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
References in periodicals archive ?
But Mr Bell believes the changes already introduce go far enough and that switching Westminster over to proportional representation would be a reform too far.
Mr Watson's motion reads: 'By removing the vital link between each elected representative and their constituents and consequently encouraging voter apathy, proportional representation has not served the UK well.
The government of Tony Blair in Britain set up an inquiry into proportional representation shortly after taking power in 1997.
Some form of proportional representation is now used in many countries including Australia and New Zealand.
Scotland, however, already uses the Single Transferable Vote system, which is a form of proportional representation (PR), for council elections.
Kanako Otsuji, who ranks next to Muroi in the proportional representation block in the DPJ's list, will take over the seat vacated by Muroi.
Those elected under a winner-takes-all system would run in qadas as electoral districts and those under proportional representation would be elected by voters of governorates.
In a speech on Army Day on August 1st, he said proportional representation could be one of the options for a new election law.
However, I'm surprised to see support for AV from Lib Dems given that for as long as anyone can remember, they have campaigned for proportional representation.
On Tuesday, MPs can vote for an amendment calling for a referendum of the British people for introducing Proportional Representation to Westminster.
The Liberal Democrats want to see the Assembly given the right to introduce a proportional representation system, similar to that used in Scotland.
Be in no doubt that my commitment to proportional representation - for every election - is absolute,' the party leader will say.

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