proprioception


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Proprioception

The sense of position and movement of the limbs and the sense of muscular tension. The awareness of the orientation of the body in space and the direction, extent, and rate of movement of the limbs depend in part upon information derived from sensory receptors in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Information from these receptors, called proprioceptors, is normally integrated with that arising from vestibular receptors (which signal gravitational acceleration and changes in velocity of movements of the head), as well as from visual, auditory, and tactile receptors. Sensory information from certain proprioceptors, particularly those in muscles and tendons, need not reach consciousness, but can be used by the motor system as feedback to guide postural adjustments and control of well-practiced or semiautomatic movements such as those involved in walking.

Receptors for proprioception are the endings of peripheral nerve fibers within the capsule or ligaments of the joints or within muscle. These endings are associated with specialized end organs such as Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini's cylinders, and Golgi organs (the latter resembling histologic Golgi structures in the skin), and muscle spindles. See Cutaneous sensation, Sensation, Somesthesis

proprioception

[‚prō·prē·ə′sep·shən]
(physiology)
The reception of internal stimuli.
(psychology)
Sensory awareness of one's location with regard to the external environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case, the postulation of an integrated account for proprioception including brain, body, and perceptual space recalls current debates over the definition and study of embodied cognition (Wilson & Golonka, 2013) in which RHI is directly involved (e.g.
Proprioception, the ability to sense intrinsically where one's body segments are in space, can be measured with a variety of methods.
We hypothesized that a superior outcome after patient-specific knee spacer implantation is due to better proprioception and postural stability by preserving the natural anatomy.
The term 'proprioception' was introduced by Sherrington, to describe sensory information/ inputs coming during central movement (CNS), from some specific structures: proprioceptors.
They are various resistance during pedaling can also include the range of movement and proprioception of the knee can be measured after cycling.
The literature has examined the efficacy of ankle bracing on proprioception in soccer, basketball and athletic populations, with the findings being applied to hockey.
It should also allow good proprioception and natural dissipation of ground reaction forces.
Abbreviations: EPP = extended physiological proprioception.
The Kt action mechanism on proprioception is still not well established.
Jenny Brewer, Thomas' paediatric occupational therapist, said: "Thomas likes lots of deep pressure and proprioception, which allows him to physically calm down/relax.
Proprioception p.39 (Virtual Reality) The body's sense of position, which is a challenge for virtual reality systems due to the disorientation of not being able to see your own torso and limbs.