propylaeum

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propylaeum

(prŏpĭlē`əm), in Greek architecture, a monumental entrance to a sacred enclosure, group of buildings, or citadel. A roofed passage terminated by a row of columns at each end formed the usual type. Known examples include those at Athens, Olympia, Eleusis, and Priene. The most splendid example are the Propylaea at Athens upon the west end of the Acropolis; their restored remains still stand. Of Pentelic marble, they were built (437–432 B.C.) at the command of Pericles by the architect MnesiclesMnesicles
, Greek architect, 5th cent. B.C. He designed the propylaea, and the Erechtheum is also sometimes ascribed to him. Both are on the acropolis at Athens.
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Propylaeum

The monumental gateway to a sacred enclosure; specifically, the elaborate gateway to the Acropolis in Athens.

Propylaeum

 

a formal passageway formed by porticoes and colonnades located symmetrically to the axis of movement. Propylaea are characteristic of the architecture of ancient Greece, where they were built as early as the Aegean culture. The structures were built at the main entrance to the acropolis or sacred grounds (temenos). An outstanding landmark in ancient Greek architecture is the Propylaea of the Athenian Acropolis, which was built between 437 and 432 B.C. by the architect Mnesicles. In later Greek architecture propylaea were scarcely used.

In the 19th century, neoclassical architects revived the use of propylaea (for example, the propylaea in Munich, 1846–60, architect L. von Klenze). In the late 19th century and in the 20th century, propylaea have been used as elements of especially important and imposing architectural complexes (for example, the propylaea at the entrance to the Smol’nyi building in Leningrad, 1923–25, architects V. A. Shchuko and V. G. Gel’freikh). They have also been used in commemorative structures (for example, the propylaea of Piskarev Cemetery in Leningrad, 1960, architects A. V. Vasil’ev, E. A. Levinson, and others).

propylaeum

propylaea, 2
1. The monumental gateway to a sacred enclosure.
2.(pl., cap. Propylaea) Particularly, the elaborate gateway to the Acropolis in Athens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Between 1801 and 1812, Elgin (Britain's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire) and his agents not only stole marbles from the Parthenon, but also swiped sculptures and artifacts from the Propylaea, the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens; and the Erechtheion, an ancient temple near the Acropolis.
on the Athenian Acropolis in the 5th century BC the Greeks said everything there was about architecture: in Doric Parthenon, Ionic Erechtheion and Doric and Ionic Propylaea. However even if this is undoubtedly matchless master-piece of classical Greek architecture whose outer side is decorated with a series of heroic immaculately carved figures, art historians cannot agree as to extent of particular inner life of the object and its decorations and intensity of emotions transferred on the observer which may be expected from such a work.
The eight papers are published here, covering 35 years of restoration of the ancient buildings on the Athenian Acropolis, including the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena Nike, the Propylaea and the Erechtheum, research and technology and surface conservation.
(2006) observaron que la duracion del ciclo de vida de la mariquita Propylaea japonica (Thunberg, 1781) fue menor cuando fueron alimentados con pulgones criados en una variedad de algodonero transgenico (GK-12) en comparacion con aquellas alimentadas con pulgones criados en una variedad de algodonero no transgenico (Simian 3).
However, these sentences were formulated as descriptions of other people; we know that they are based on his own personal experiences during the intensive intellectual work on his first monograph, entitled Propylaea for a Hungarian philosophy (Szontagh 1839).
The historical attractions are too numerous to mention, as they say, but some of the most popular and enduring include the arresting Parthenon temple, built on the 'sacred rock' Acropolis, The Theatre of Dionysos, The Propylaea (entrance to The Acropolis), Temple of the Athena Nike and the Agora areawhere theAncients gathered for a host of reasons.
along the Lechaeum Road near the propylaea and in the area of the West Shops." Wiseman too offers support for his claim: "On the 'miserable huts': see Fritz Sage Darrow, The History of Corinth from Mummius to Herodes Atticus, unpublished Ph.D.
None of the participants in the great annual Panathenaic procession, who followed the way up the Acropolis through the Propylaea, past the temple of Nike Apteros to wind their way round the Parthenon, had much notion of the differences we now see between art and science, sacred and profane, political and poetic.
We had visited in Athens, only a short time ago, the tiny temple of Victory that stands upon the rock of the Acropolis, to your right as you turn right from the Propylaea. I must hold on to this one word.
The Turks were reckless with gunpowder; a generation earlier, the Propylaea, as the great monumental entrance to the Acropolis is known, had suffered when gunpowder stored there was ignited by lightning.