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prose[Lat. prosa oratio=straightforward, or direct, speech], meaningful and grammatical written or spoken language that does not utilize the metrical structure, word transposition, or rhyme characteristic of poetry or verse; it is, however, raised above the level of lifeless composition or commonplace conversation by the use of balance, rhythm, repetition, and antithesis. In literature, prose is the usual mode of expression in such forms as the novel, short story, essay, letter (epistle), history, biography, sermon, and oration. The earliest European prose extant is that of HerodotusHerodotus
, 484?–425? B.C., Greek historian, called the Father of History, b. Halicarnassus, Asia Minor. Only scant knowledge of his life can be gleaned from his writings and from references to him by later writings, notably the Suda.
..... Click the link for more information. (5th cent. B.C.).
(1) Fictional, scientific, philosophic, journalistic, and other works lacking in the most general feature of poetry, namely, division into lines of verse.
(2) In the narrower and commonly used sense, a type of speech or written work distinguished from poetry by the specific rules that must be followed when creating a work of the imagination or when composing imaginative language. (SeePOETRY AND PROSE.)