prose

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prose

[Lat. prosa oratio=straightforward, or direct, speech], meaningful and grammatical written or spoken language that does not utilize the metrical structure, word transposition, or rhyme characteristic of poetry or verse; it is, however, raised above the level of lifeless composition or commonplace conversation by the use of balance, rhythm, repetition, and antithesis. In literature, prose is the usual mode of expression in such forms as the novel, short story, essay, letter (epistle), history, biography, sermon, and oration. The earliest European prose extant is that of HerodotusHerodotus
, 484?–425? B.C., Greek historian, called the Father of History, b. Halicarnassus, Asia Minor. Only scant knowledge of his life can be gleaned from his writings and from references to him by later writings, notably the Suda.
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 (5th cent. B.C.).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Prose

 

(1) Fictional, scientific, philosophic, journalistic, and other works lacking in the most general feature of poetry, namely, division into lines of verse.

(2) In the narrower and commonly used sense, a type of speech or written work distinguished from poetry by the specific rules that must be followed when creating a work of the imagination or when composing imaginative language. (SeePOETRY AND PROSE.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

prose

1. spoken or written language as in ordinary usage, distinguished from poetry by its lack of a marked metrical structure
2. a passage set for translation into a foreign language
3. RC Church a hymn recited or sung after the gradual at Mass
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

PROSE

(1)
PROblem Solution Engineering. Numerical problems including differentiation and integration. "Computing in Calculus", J. Thames, Research/Development 26(5) (May 1975).

PROSE

(2)
A constraints-and-sequencing system similar to Kaleidoscope. "Reflexive Constraints for Dynamic Knowledge Bases", P. Berlandier et al in Proc First Intl CS Conf '88: AI: Theory and Appls, Dec 1988.
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