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search for mineral deposits suitable for miningmining,
extraction of solid mineral resources from the earth. These resources include ores, which contain commercially valuable amounts of metals, such as iron and aluminum; precious stones, such as diamonds; building stones, such as granite; and solid fuels, such as coal and
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. Modern prospecting has replaced earlier methods based on chance or superstition (e.g., use of the divining rod) with others based on a scientific knowledge of modern geology and mineralogy. Surface indications of deposits are confirmed by extensive sampling, e.g., by examination and analysis of material taken from holes drilled at regular intervals. Modern geophysical methods of prospecting use instruments that measure variations in the earth's magnetic or gravitational field, or in the direction, nature, and velocity of waves set up in the ground by underground explosions. Electrical methods employ instruments that indicate relative electrical conductivity between points in the earth's surface or electromotive forces generated by large ore bodies. Geochemical prospecting involves the chemical or spectrographic analysis of soil, plant, and water samples. Scintillometers or Geiger counters are used to locate radioactive materials. A portable radioactive source is the basis of the berylometer, useful in locating beryl. Some minerals fluoresce in the presence of ultraviolet light; they are sought in the dark with portable ultraviolet lamps. Aerial and satellite photography and airborne instruments have proved useful for preliminary prospecting in unexplored territories.


See J. B. Chaussier and J. Morer, Mineral Prospecting Manual (1986); M. Kuzvart and M. Bohmer, Prospecting and Exploration of Mineral Deposits (2d ed. 1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
an internationally renowned corporate sales training firm, today announced a strategic partnership that enables sales professionals to employ targeted prospecting techniques in order to advance the sales cycle.
Having now received these materials, the Company has arranged to make payment of its final $300,000 USD prospect fee to Cedar Strat thereby vesting its full participation in the Maverick Springs Prospect, bringing the total prospecting fee paid by the Company on the Maverick Springs Prospect to $1,200,000 USD.
VANCOUVER, British Columbia -- Prospecting by Almaden Minerals Ltd.
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Spoke Software, a provider of sales prospecting solutions, today announced that its joint presentation with salesforce.
Spoke Software, a provider of next-generation sales prospecting solutions, today announced the general availability of a new release of its on-demand application, Spoke 3.
Spoke Software, a provider of sales prospecting solutions, today announced the addition of multiple new companies to its growing customer roster.