prostatitis


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Related to prostatitis: Chronic prostatitis

prostatitis

(prŏs'tətī`tĭs), inflammation of the prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
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. Acute prostatitis is usually a result of infection in the urinary tract or infection carried by the blood; in many cases the infection spreads from the urethra and is contracted through sexual transmission. Symptoms include fever, low back pain, and difficulty or pain in urination; the gland is tender and swollen. Infection, caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria and certain protozoans, is treated by an appropriate antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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. Healing is usually complete, but the condition may become chronic if the infecting organism persists.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Prostatitis

 

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland caused by gonococcal, staphylococcal, streptococcal, or tuberculous infection, trichomonads, or other factors. The symptoms of acute prostatitis are a burning sensation in the urethra, frequent and painful urination, and the presence of pus in the urine; other possible symptoms are elevated temperature, a sharp pain in the perineum, and acute retention of urine. All the symptoms are more pronounced if the prostate is abscessed. Chronic prostatitis may result from acute prostatitis or develop as an independent illness; it is characterized by malaise, dull pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, impairment of sexual function, and frequent urination.

Treatment of acute prostatitis includes bed rest, antimicrobial therapy, application of heat, and the administration of pain relievers and antispasmodics. Surgery is indicated if an abscess has formed. Chronic prostatitis is treated with massage of the prostate and pelotherapy in addition to the above measures.

REFERENCE

Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

prostatitis

[‚präs·tə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the prostate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute bacterial prostatitis: Acute bacterial prostatitis is estimated to comprise up to 10 percent of all prostatitis diagnoses, making it the least common form of the condition.
Acute bacterial prostatitis: Heterogeneity in diagnostic criteria and management.
Among the diagnostic alternatives, prostatitis is the most problematic condition due to the clinical and magnetic resonance (MR)-based similarities between it and PCa.
Also, the prostate volumes were found to be larger in patients diagnosed with BPH associated with prostatitis by 4-6 folds than normal volume of the gland.
While prostatic calcification is relatively common, their presence may result in symptoms that resemble chronic prostatitis, BPH, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and urinary tract infection.
Applications for pudendal nerve can be applied in the treatment of endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, pudendal neuralgia, and chronic prostatitis. In addition, injection of transsacral block and lateral branches of posterior sacral roots can be performed.
The aim of the present study was to research the frequency of category 2 of chronic prostatitis patients (CBP) in a Turkish society and the distribution of agents that play a role in patients' etiology.
[7] Hence, inclusion of associated features such as presence or absence of prostatitis, presence or absence of granulomas and PIN changes are very crucial in report.
If prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection it will be treated with antibiotics.
In histopathology 49(49%) of the biopsies showed BPH, 43(43%) were BPH with Chronic Prostatitis and 8(8%) were Cancer prostate.
A randomised controlled study of 108 patients with prostatitis, but without erectile dysfunction, evaluated the efficacy and safety of a daily low dose tadalafil added to levofloxacin for the treatment of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.