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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier there were reports that Egyptian soldiers and police had set fire to tents in the middle of Tahrir Square and fired tear gas and rubber bullets in a major assault to drive out thousands of protesters after two days of clashes.
A journalist at the scene said police and troops chased the protesters out of most of the square as the sun was about to set over the city.
The office of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the protesters were ordered to "temporarily leave" the park and remove their tents and tarps.
City officials said they planned to put up fences around the two Portland parks to close them to protesters Sunday afternoon.
Search results often list sites with the truth about a topic, as well as those promoting the fraud or tax protester theory of interest.
Protest activities in Tree Farm Licence 38 (TFL 38) have included vandalism of equipment, road blockades and barriers, protesters appearing in active harvest zones, endangering themselves and the loggers, as well as ongoing taunts and harassment.
More of policemen dragging the protester to the street alleys
Meanwhile, Commissioner Rawalpindi Division Nadim Aslam Ch, former MNA Mohammad Hanif Abbasi and Mayor Sardar Naseem rushed to the protest site and held negotiations with the protesters.
Tehreek-e-Labbaik Ya Rasool Allah (TLYRA) Chief Khadim Hussain Rizvi led the funeral prayers of slain protesters, Shoaib and Mohammad Ali, at College Ground in Kasur.
I GET really worked up when I see the fracking protesters creating havoc for people legally going about their work trying to earn a wage.
LAHORE: Despite successfulnegotiations between the government and the protesters occupying Islamabad early Monday morning, the protesters belonging to a little-known religious group have refused to disperse in parts of Lahore.
ISLAMABAD -- Islamabad police, with the help of Frontier Corps personnel and other law enforcement agencies, have launched a crackdown against protesters camped out at the Faizabad Interchange since November 8.