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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
On Tuesday, protesters blocked travellers from accessing flights, using luggage trolleys to build barriers, and staging a mass sit-down.
When the protesters arrived at Tsim Sha Tsui, they went to Hung Hom via Salisbury Road.
Eleazar said it would be neglect of duty if police looked the other way and did not inspect protesters' bags even after receiving information that the protesters were carrying weapons or other prohibited items, like drugs.
The protesters alleged that, QESCO officials took bribe from citizens on the name of transformer repairing in Ramdaan but the electricity crisis yet to be resolved.
After the firing incident, protesters ransacked various vehicles in anger, erupting clashes between the road users and agitators.
Protesters demand to cancel the snap presidential election set for June 9 and call them illegitimate.
The protesters said that they would not stop their protest against the tax collection on the toll plaza and urged the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government to take notice of the issue.
A police source said there were around 5,000 protesters in Paris, some of whom gathered near the Champs Elysees, while there were similar demonstrations in major cities across France.
The protesters, however, dispersed and ended two hours long protest after peaceful negotiations with Malir District SSP Sheraz Nazeer who assured them of full cooperation.
Clashes also erupted in the village of Budrus, to the West of Ramallah, during which Israeli forces injured two protesters with rubber-coated steel rounds.
I also wonder why it is that these protesters think it's ok to transport billions of cubic feet of gas halfway around the world on super tankers but think it's not right to produce our own gas in our own back yards.
Following the negotiations, the leader of the religious group appealed to protesters across the country to disperse.