protest

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protest

a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled

Protest

 

an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
The teachers were protesting against the Sindh government and are demanding that their positions permanent be made permanent.
At the conference, Cornell and other lay activists who had taken the lead in protesting the Vietnam War formed a caucus of peace people, hoping to maximize the presence of the laity and push a peace agenda that emphasized everything from nuclear disarmament to conscientious objection counseling.
It would be unfair to claim that protesting is only for nonreligious people and that they can be the only ones to experience the euphoria of protesting or demonstrating for a cause.
Freedom of speech is an unalienable right, and there is nothing Unpatriotic about protesting a war you do not support," said Russell Simmons, who has been unflinching in his support for the installation, and is committed to whatever degree necessary, legally and financially, to see the message created by his long time friend Glen E.
Subsequently, supporting protests and clashes took place across Turkey protesting plenty of other concerns.
As Israeli tanks moved closer toward the center of Gaza City Monday, and the death toll rose beyond 900 lives, many of them women and children, The Daily Star went to the Beirut neighborhoods of Achrafieh and Mazraa for a local perspective on whether protesting against the Israeli war in Gaza would be effective in ending hostilities.
The demonstrations have continued, protesting against government plans to limit freedom of expression and association.
We're going to keep on protesting until we stop the war,'' organizer Carlos Montes said.
But even one of the organizers of that protest, longtime activist Leslie Cagan, points out the irony in the protesters' harmonious relationship with the very police force whose homicidal behavior they were protesting.
Protesters also called upon their established, "vertical" relationships with local authorities when protesting, which shaped the confrontations.
4, protesting the company's use of genetically engineered and chemically raised beef that is inhumanely treated during production.