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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
Anglican Bishop Bruce Stavert of Quebec, whose cathedral lay just inside the $2 million fence erected to keep protestors away, presented a letter from the Canadian Council of Churches to a special "civil society" meeting for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) hosted by the federal government.
protestors slipped into the school and confronted students, distributing lurid anti-abortion literature and evangelizing aggressively.
Speaking to a private TV channel, Punjab government spokesman Zaeem Qadri said that five policemen were suspended for manhandling the protestors.
CAIRO: Hundreds of protestors in Tahrir Square said Monday that they will continue their sit-in until their demands of prosecuting ousted president Mubarak and his family and appointing a civil presidential council are met.
Later, the protestors dispersed peacefully and the road was opened for traffic.
The Minister said the government tries its best to avoid confrontation with protestors at Faizabad Interchange for the last 20 days but unfortunately no positive response was given from protestors of the religious parties.
The action of the police officer, which was well documented by the media, was clearly premeditated and not only aimed to maim the protestors but even to kill, as he showed no regard [for] the lives of the people mowed down by the police car,' the resolution read.
Violence against the defenseless people escalated after a Saudi-led conglomerate of police, security and military forces from the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council (PGCC) member states - Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Qatar - were dispatched to the tiny Persian Gulf kingdom on March 13, 2011, to help Manama crack down on peaceful protestors.
The protestors at Seattle made a point, but not the points they intended.
The protestors pronounced the IMF and the World Bank to be negligent in alleviating global poverty and promoting sustainable development, and accused the organizations of exacerbating social and environmental decline instead.
But protestors later forced the security forces to retreat because the law enforcers doing duties in the first tier could not get support from the second line of defence and made a failed attempt to clear the main entry and exit point of Islamabad and Rawalpindi from protesters who are demanding resignation of law minister.