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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
Later, the protestors dispersed peacefully and the road was opened for traffic.
The government had given several suggestions to the protestors but they did not agree with any proposal and even they refused to implement court orders,' the Minister added.
The lawmakers castigated Pedrozo for urging the police to violently disperse the protestors so as not to lose face to the US Embassy.
Anglican Bishop Bruce Stavert of Quebec, whose cathedral lay just inside the $2 million fence erected to keep protestors away, presented a letter from the Canadian Council of Churches to a special "civil society" meeting for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) hosted by the federal government.
In Seattle there were almost as many messages as protestors.
I was hoping the protestors could communicate [some important points], but it all seemed superficial and full of propaganda.
Another student, freshman Charmane Johnson, said a group of protestors also treated her aggressively.
He urged the protestors to settle the matter through dialogue rather aggravating the issue.
The lumads, IPs, and other protestors are unarmed citizens, and even if they were unruly, it is to be expected.
Police trying to convince protestors to end the protest
The source added that the minister of the Royal Office assured the protestors that many reforms will be implemented in the coming days, and their demands will be met.
In fact, it was the second area in the city after Star Gate where the situation remained worse till evening as hide and seek continued between the police and protestors.