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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking to a private TV channel, Punjab government spokesman Zaeem Qadri said that five policemen were suspended for manhandling the protestors.
The statement was unclear as to how the protestor was injured.
In Faisalabad, the angry protestors, most of them power loom workers, also pelted stones at vehicles, damaging public and private properties against unscheduled load-shedding.
While they were inside, many of the protestors sat down, drank water and chanted.
An estimated 30,000 protestors went to Quebec to show their opposition to the agreement.
Thank you, Seattle protestors, for waking up a lot of well-meaning but downright lazy folk who thought that trade legislation took no more effort than a highway bill.
While the protestors outside the meeting argued that the means by which funds are disbursed to projects in developing countries hurt the poor because they come with so many strings attached, inside the meeting delegates from developing nations were worrying that IMF money could dry up.
protestors slipped into the school and confronted students, distributing lurid anti-abortion literature and evangelizing aggressively.
Police trying to convince protestors to end the protest
Those were the group that was surrounded by a pro-regime rally who isolated them from the rest of the protestors.
MUSCAT: The protestors in the 'Reform' roundabout at Sohar agreed to open the roundabout from 5am to 5pm after talks with General Sultan bin Mohammed Al Nu'amani, minister of the Royal Office.
The protestors chanted slogans against DPO Khanewal Kamran Khan, DCO Qazi Ishfaque Sarwar and EDO health Khanewal Syed Tariq Gillani when they rushed to the place after two hours later of the accident.