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a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled



an objection. In Soviet law the protest is one of the ways in which observance of the laws is supervised.

A protest by way of general supervision may be lodged by a procurator against any illegal enactment issued by ministries and departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, or executive and administrative agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies. The protest is sent to the agency that issued the enactment or to a higher agency. It must be considered within ten days, and the procurator must be informed of the decision reached. A protest by way of general supervision usually does not stop the implementation of the protested enactments.

A cassation protest is made by a procurator to a higher court against a judgment of guilty (or decision) rendered by a trial court before the judgment has taken effect, on the grounds that the judgment is unsubstantiated or illegal. Such a protest prevents the implementation of the judgment (decision). Cassation protests may be lodged against the judgments and decisions of all courts with the exception of the Supreme Court of the USSR and the supreme courts of the Union republics.

A particular (chastnyi) protest is lodged against rulings by a trial court or against the orders of a judge pertaining to incidental (particular) questions in a criminal or civil case.

A protest by way of judicial supervision is lodged by a procurator or judge with a court having supervisory jurisdiction so that the court may review, by way of judicial supervision, judgments, rulings, or orders that have already gone into effect. Because this kind of protest is intended to correct judicial errors, it has no time limit, except where a review is requested because the sentence is too light or because the law for a graver crime should be applied to the convicted person. A protest against a judgment of acquittal or against a court order or ruling to dismiss a case is permitted only within one year after these enactments have taken legal effect. The protest does not stop the implementation of the court judgment, decision, or ruling being protested until the case has been decided by way of judicial supervision, unless the person lodging the protest orders a stay of execution.

Under the law the right of protest by way of judicial supervision is granted to the procurator general of the USSR and the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of the supreme courts of the Union republics (or their deputies), to the procurators and chairmen of courts of the ASSR’s, krais, oblasts, and national okrugs, to the chief military procurator and the chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and to military procurators and chairmen of the military tribunals of the various branches of the armed forces, military districts, fleets, and army groups.

References in periodicals archive ?
Talking to Pakistan Today, they said their only demand from the government was to provide them with jobs or else they would continue their protest for life.
Regarding the governorates with the highest number of protests in the third quarter of 2017, the report mentions the regions of Kairouan, Gafsa, Kasserine and Sidi Bouzid, with a rise in individual protests either through the media or hunger strikes.
The residents of village Sher Mohammad Buledi recorded a protest demonstration for the arrest of the murderers of three men outside the Larkana Press Club on Monday.
The PML-N led administration in the region made all-out efforts to end the protests but failed in its endeavours.
In Karachi, the Majlis-e-Wahdatul Muslimeen is taking out a protest in Nazimabad, the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) in Banaras, Tanzeem-e-Islami at the Karachi Press Club and the Islami Jamiat-e-Talba (IJT) at North Nazimabad.
MAT also pointed out President Rodrigo Duterte's earlier statement that said all parks are open to be venues of peaceful protests after declaring Thursday as 'National Day of Protest.
The system includes key elements that discourage and prevent frivolous protests.
Students at several campuses, including Cairo University, Helwan University, and others, organised protests against the decision amid restrictive administrative measures.
While few sober observers are willing to believe the anonymous military sources that claimed that up to 33 million people were on the streets, many would still agree that Morsi faced an unusually high level of street protests during his year in power.
Collective protests have significantly decreased from 860 in October 2015 to 349 collective movements in November 2015.
Protests are one of the ways for us to express our opinions.