protocol

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protocol

(prō`təkŏl), term referring to rules governing diplomatic conduct or to a variety of written instruments. Examples of the latter are authenticated minutes of international conferences; preliminary agreements, or statements of principle, which eventuate in a formal treaty; and agreements that do not require ratification. Sometimes the term protocol is applied to an agreement that in all essentials of form or content is similar to a treaty; an example of this was the Geneva Protocol approved by the Assembly of the League of Nations in 1924, which branded aggressive war an international crime. It provided that no signatory would engage in war with other signatories who observed their international obligations. Signatories were to participate in an international disarmament conference. The protocol was supported by most nations, but British refusal to support it in the League Council prevented it from coming into force. The Locarno PactLocarno Pact,
1925, concluded at a conference held at Locarno, Switzerland, by representatives of Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.
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 and the Kellogg-Briand PactKellogg-Briand Pact
, agreement, signed Aug. 27, 1928, condemning "recourse to war for the solution of international controversies." It is more properly known as the Pact of Paris. In June, 1927, Aristide Briand, foreign minister of France, proposed to the U.S.
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 were later agreements having the general tenor of the Geneva Protocol. Diplomatic protocol is the code of international courtesy governing the conduct of those in the diplomatic servicediplomatic service,
organized body of agents maintained by governments to communicate with one another. Origins

Until the 15th cent. any formal communication or negotiation among nations was conducted either by means of ambassadors specially appointed for a
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 or otherwise engaged in international relations. It is basically concerned with procedural matters and precedence among diplomats. Each office of foreign affairs (or equivalent body) has an official in charge of protocol.

Bibliography

See J. T. Shotwell, Plans and Protocols to End War (1925); J. R. Wood, Diplomatic Ceremonial and Protocol (1970); J. E. Lott, Practical Protocol: A Guide to International Courtesies (1973); P. Kattenburg, Diplomatic Practices (1980); M. McCaffree and P. Innes, Protocol (rev. ed. 1985).

Protocol

 

a body of generally accepted rules, traditions, and conventions observed by governments, departments of foreign affairs, diplomatic representatives and employees, and other officials in international relations.

Protocol determines the order of visits, the forms of diplomatic correspondence, and the procedure for diplomatic receptions. It regulates the manner of receiving a foreign head of state, the head of government of a foreign state, and other foreign dignitaries and governmental delegations. All countries adhere to the rules of protocol, although each country applies them with due regard for its social structure, national characteristics, and customs.

protocol

[′prōd·ə‚kȯl]
(computer science)
A set of hardware and software interfaces in a terminal or computer which allows it to transmit over a communications network, and which collectively forms a communications language.
(science and technology)
A procedure that must be used when performing specified measurements or related operations in order for results to be acceptable to the specifying agency.

protocol

1. the formal etiquette and code of behaviour, precedence, and procedure for state and diplomatic ceremonies
2. a memorandum or record of an agreement, esp one reached in international negotiations, a meeting, etc.
3. 
a. an amendment to a treaty or convention
b. an annexe appended to a treaty to deal with subsidiary matters or to render the treaty more lucid
c. a formal international agreement or understanding on some matter
4. Philosophy a statement that is immediately verifiable by experience
5. Computing the set form in which data must be presented for handling by a particular computer configuration, esp in the transmission of information between different computer systems

protocol

A set of formal rules describing how to transmit data, especially across a network. Low level protocols define the electrical and physical standards to be observed, bit- and byte-ordering and the transmission and error detection and correction of the bit stream. High level protocols deal with the data formatting, including the syntax of messages, the terminal to computer dialogue, character sets, sequencing of messages etc.

Many protocols are defined by RFCs or by OSI.

See also handshaking.

protocol

The format and procedure that governs the transmitting and receiving of data. The term comes from the Greek "protokollon," which was the cover page to a manuscript that provided a description of the contents. See communications protocol, protocol stack and OSI.
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Todos os participantes foram submetidos a uma entrevista clinica semiestruturada para caracterizacao de variaveis socio-demograficas e clinicas, e a avaliacao neuropsicologica protocolar incluida no Programa da Cirurgia da Epilepsia.
Mais tarde soube que o Ai'utemanhari'wa e uma especie de "trikster" ou bufao (Steward, 1931), dai seu poder excepcional de romper com o protocolar.
So que, diferentemente da carta protocolar de um banco, nao seria uma forma de enganar ou de tirar proveito da boa-fe do destinatario da mensagem.
Sorprendentes conclusiones dirigidas a poner en relieve la instrumentalizacion politica de la violencia que se ejerce desde el Estado, le permiten cumplir cabalmente con su promesa protocolar de investigacion.
Un proposito continuo fue estimular la generacion de conceptos y palabras novedosas; asimismo, asumir de base, que implementar soluciones a problemas de diseno dados cursa por apreciacion subjetiva sin acuerdos tajantes sobre criterios de evaluacion para elegirlas; tambien fue decretada el aula zona segura, y motivado ademas el uso protocolar de la primera persona (yo planteo que, en lugar de se ha planteado que); esto para que cada quien tomase responsabilidad por su planteamiento y pudiese obrar en consecuencia (al decir se ha pensando, el sujeto que practica, siente y piensa, queda fuera de escena y los proyectos parecen operar en el vacio como elaborados o por nadie, o por dioses, y desde todas partes).
Posteriormente, los parlamentos se oficializaban en documentos, los cuales cumplen en lo protocolar y en lo formal con los requisitos necesarios para ser considerados como tratados de nacion a nacion, es decir, un tratado de caracter internacional.
Un plan, en cuanto designio protocolar tendente al logro de un fin u objetivo determinado previamente, resulta irrefragablemente indisociable, una vez mas, de la referencia radical a la esfera de lo subjetivo, dado que unicamente en el interior de esta resultan posibles y pensables tanto la conciencia de necesidad de planificacion como las estructuras y direcciones concretas que el plan debe adoptar, en detrimento de otras posibles que resultan rechazadas y excluidas.
Guillermo Manuel Ungo recibio trato protocolar de jefe de Estado cuando visitaba paises en donde los Estados eran gobiernos precedidos por partidos politicos miembros de la Internacional Socialista.
O modo profissional inclui o diagnostico dos sintomas e a discussao do tratamento; o modo institucional e analitico e protocolar da doenca, e inclui praticas sociais das instituicoes (p.
Este tratamiento respetuoso pero horizontal pone a sus destinatarias por lo menos a su mismo nivel, lo que puede ser puramente protocolar, o significar que se dirige efectivamente a sus iguales, que abrazaron un tipo de vida muy particular que hace sospechar que en realidad Egeria era una de las mujeres ricas que seguian a Prisciliano, noble senador romano, gnostico, dualista, con algunas costumbres rituales tomadas de los celtas y otras del gnosticismo y del dualismo maniqueo, y por lo tanto completamente heterodoxo, a pesar de haber sido nombrado obispo de la Iglesia Catolica.
Si la funcion policial en si misma es una fuente de patrones de contingencia que ser articulan dentro del ejercicio de la labor que la policia realiza, entonces la violencia que ejerce para mantener "el orden", durante el desarrollo de dichas "funciones", puede deslizarse de una actuacion protocolar y pautada a otra discrecional y elusiva de las normas que la regulan.
La primera situacion discursiva existente en el texto se elabora en un primer momento con el saludo protocolar del Presidente Ricardo Lagos a diferentes autoridades y a todos los miembros del pais, estableciendo con ello una relacion entre el lider y la Nacion; entre la figura del Presidente de la Republica Ricardo Lagos y la figura de Chile.