Values were regarded to be statistically significant with P <0.01 or P pituitary > subcutaneous fat > lung > small intestine > large intestine > hypothalamus > heart > kidney > breast muscles > cerebrum > cerebellum > liver > proventriculus
> spleen > gizzard.
New and described species of Skrjabinoclava Sobolev, 1943 (Nematoda: Acuarioidea) of the proventriculus
of nearctic waders (Aves: Charadriiformes) with a review of the genus and a key to species.
For sampling, the tissues of the brain, trachea, lung, caecal tonsil, liver, kidney, spleen, heart, proventriculus
, intestine, and thymus were fixed in 10% buffered formalin.
Diagnosis: The pharynx has 6 teeth with a lateral plate on each side and the proventriculus
extends about fifteen segments with approximately sixty muscle bands.
The samples collected from the dead birds included tracheal swabs, cloacal swabs, caecal tonsils, spleen, brain, proventriculus
and Payer's patches.
To evaluate the tissue expression profiles of IFITM1 and IFITM3, various tissues, including the brain, bursa of Fabricius, cecum, cecal tonsil, gizzard, heart, Harderian gland, kidney, liver, lung, muscle, pancreas, proventriculus
, small intestine, skin, spleen, thymus, and trachea, were collected from two-week-old gosling and adult goose.
Two discrete gizzards in 5 and 6, preceded by a proventriculus
Next, the animals and their organs (yolk sac, heart, gastrointestinal tract [GIT], duodenal loop with pancreas, proventriculus
, and ventriculus) were weighed using a scale (WeighMax[R] W-3805-100G, China) with a precision of [+ or -] 0.01g.
Haemorrhages at junction of proventriculus
and gizzard were observed (Fig.
Significant differences in proventriculus
were observed among the varieties at 12 weeks of age where Mushki variety had the maximum (5.180.7g) and Lakha variety had the minimum (4.10.5g) weight, whereas, non- significant differences were observed in proventriculus
at 15 weeks of age.
After the birds died or were euthanized, we collected tissues aseptically from the brain, trachea, lung, kidney, spleen, heart, cecal tonsil, liver, leg muscle, intestine and pancreas, and proventriculus
for virus recovery.
Alimentary canal, digestion, microbiome, phasmids, proventriculus