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popular name for a dried plumplum,
common name for a tree of any of many species of the genus Prunus of the family Rosaceae (rose family) and for its fruit, a drupe. The plum is generally cultivated in the temperate zones, though among the numerous varieties and hybrids are types suitable for many
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. Fruits of the many varieties of Prunus domestica, which are firm-fleshed and dry easily without removal of the stone, are gathered after falling from the tree, dipped in lye solution to prevent fermentation, dried in the sun or in kilns, and then "glossed" with a steam, glycerin, or fruit-juice bath to produce a sterile, glossy skin. Most of the commercial product comes from the Pacific coast states. A type of prune was used by Native Americans as a staple item of diet.



a dried plum of the varieties Vengerka Ital’ianskaia, Vengerka Domashniaia, and others. The variety Vengerka Ital’ianskaia yields the best prunes.

Only fleshy ripe plums are suitable for drying. The stone must separate readily from the flesh, and the pulp must contain no less than 10 percent sugar and no more than 1.2 percent acid. The plums are blanched to accelerate drying, remove the waxy coating, and obtain cracks in the skin. Vengerka Ital’ianskaia plums are blanched for 20 to 30 seconds; plums of other varieties are blanched for one to 1 ½ minutes. The plums are then cooled under running water and placed in steam dryers for eight to ten hours at a temperature of 80°C. Toward the end of drying the temperature is lowered to 60°C. After cooling and sorting, the prunes are immersed in boiling water for 1 ½ to two minutes to obtain a shine. They are then treated with glycerin (5 kg per ton of prunes).

There are three grades of commercial prune varieties. Prunes must be black, soft, and tart. The yield of prunes from fresh plums is 20 to 22 percent.

References in periodicals archive ?
More than 175 pruners competed in preliminary rounds in January, and the top 10 were entered in the final prune-off.
The recommended retail price for these pruners is pounds 14.
One graduate went on to become the chief pruner for the Brooklyn Botanical Garden.
Using a combination of ergonomic design, an ideal balance of blade toughness and superior "edge-holding" achieved by using SK5 high carbon steel and patented titanium plating, together with a blend of incredibly strong but lightweight nylon and fibreglass handles, these new pruners have been especially designed to maximise cutting efficiency with minimum effort - something we believe all keen gardeners look for, but of course a huge benefit for anyone with limited grip.
Also, there is a selection of by-pass pruners as well as anvil pruners and the more difficult to locate double-cut pruners that have two sharpened blades that come together without crushing tender stems.
When preparing stand sites and placing stands, you're wise to carry three tools: a folding saw, hand pruner, and pole saw.
Jerry Turney, plant pathologist at the Los Angeles County Agricultural Commissioner's Office, suggests the best pro pruners are card-carrying members of a tree-trimming association such as the International Society of Arboriculture or the National Association of Arborists.
1 Prep the flowers by removing all the foliage and using pruners to recut the stems on a slant (use the vase height as a rough measure of the length you need).
The new power-lever pruners from Wilkinson Sword make ordinary secateurs seem like hard work.
WE have once again teamed up with Stanley to give away Stanley ratchet pruners worth pounds 9.
A garage in the same street was also attacked and a quantity of electrical items were stolen along with a pair of garden pruners.
Front mounted CAT II implement hitches and a 65-horsepower hydraulic power take-off with load sensing allows the TR4 to operate a variety of vineyard implements such as hedgers, pruners and mowers on multiple rows at once.