The length, appearance, and number of leaf blades, in addition to their condition (intact or defoliated, presence or absence of senescence,) and pseudostem
height were measured daily during the grazing period and every 3 or 4 days at intervals between grazing.
A total of 62 samples of supplement feedstuff's offered by farmers at the homestead (i.e., MBL, banana [Musa ssp.] leaves and pseudostem
, sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas] vines [SPV], sugarcane tops [Saccharum officinarum], Napier grass [Pennisetumpurpureum], swamp reeds [Cyperuspapyrus], maize [Zea mays] thinnings, and rice [Oryza sativa] stover/husks) were collected in February 2014 (i.e., dry-season feedstuff's) and May 2015 (i.e., wet-season feedstuff's).
Several plant measurements were taken over the course of the experiment, once per week: number of living, fully unfurled leaves; pseudostem
girth at 5 cm from the soil surface; area of the third most recently fully unfurled leaf (Turner and Lahav 1983); chlorophyll content of the same leaf (SPAD 502 Plus Chlorophyll Meter, Spectrum Technologies Inc.) and external disease severity score.
Vegetative phenotypic descriptors (plant height corresponding to the pseudostem
perimeter, number of live leaves at flowering and number emitted suckers) and yield (bunch mass, number of hands, fruit length and diameter).
The variables analysed were plant height (mm), number of leaves, leaf area ([cm.sup.2]), measurement of the length and width of the two largest leaves of the plant, root dry mass (g), diameter of the pseudostem
(mm), and length of the root system (mm).
Species associated with the rhizome and the pseudostem
of Heliconia inflorescences were reported in Colombia (Aristizabal et al.
These treated plants did also present a greater height, larger pseudostem
diameter and higher foliar area.
The agronomic traits evaluated per plant were leaf and pseudostem
length (LL, SL) and diameter (LD, SD), days to flowering (DF), plant height (PH), number of flowers (FN), days to harvest (DH), and mildew and root rot severity (MS, RRS).
It has elongating pseudostem
and inflorescence, absence of involucre sterile bracts, and broad yellow and white labellum with small red markings (the most common characteristic).
Ghiraldi et al., "Acid, alkali and peroxide pretreatments increase the cellulose accessibility and glucose yield of banana pseudostem
," Industrial Crops and Products, vol.