dependence

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Related to psychological dependence: physiological dependence

dependence

[di′pen·dəns]
(medicine)
Habituation to, abuse of, or addiction to a substance.
(statistics)
The existence of a relationship between frequencies obtained from two parts of an experiment which does not arise from the direct influence of the result of the first part on the chances of the second part but indirectly from the fact that both parts are subject to influences from a common outside factor.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the above, we would like to highlight the fact that each patient was subject to a thorough assessment, not only with the application of the MATRICS and the reporting of the number of cigarettes smoked, but also because other aspects inherent in the pattern of tobacco use were taken into account, such as physical and psychological dependence and CO.
Prolonged use could lead to tolerance and psychological dependence (Skidmore-Roth, 2015).
In addition, Salameh's research established that it was possible for smokers to develop a chemical and psychological dependence on nargileh.
It also causes psychological dependence due to its high nicotine content.
His physical and psychological dependence upon NZ1078 is detailed in unrelieved detail but, in an abstract sense, the ruthless lengths to which he is prepared to go for success are far more symbolic and pertinent.
But it also examines the benefits that the poppy's sap can have for those in pain, both mental and physical, and suggests that perhaps in the US there has been an overreaction to what it argues is not necessarily a moral failing (drug addiction) but a genuine physical and psychological dependence on the poppy's products.
There is clear clinical evidence to prove that if taken over a long period of time, they become highly addictive and can create unpleasant side-effects, not least psychological dependence and increased anxiety.
Today with the introduction of some of the effective hypnotherapeutic techniques such as guided imagery, visualization techniques, dream induction, rational emotive behavior therapy and aversion therapy, psychological dependence can be successfully managed.
Psychological dependence (addiction) on information technology (IT), such as the internet and mobile phones--also referred to as habituation--is characterized by excessive use and an intermittent craving for IT-related activities.
ALCOHOL drinkers may develop a physical or psychological dependence on booze.
So they start using them, and they develop a physical or psychological dependence on medication.
Clinical psychologist Costas Constantinou said it provides services including detoxification, help with psychological dependence and rehabilitation and social reintegration.

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