psychosurgery


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psychosurgery

[¦sī·kō′sər·jə·rē]
(medicine)
The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of various psychoses, severe neuroses, and chronic painful conditions by means of operative procedures on the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Modern psychosurgery was born once with the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt (1836-1907), who is considered to be the first modern psychosurgeon (19) because he attempted to practice a systematic psychosurgery.
The answer, the neurologists say, is psychosurgery.
Rudimentary information on psychosurgery experiments at Vacaville was published in the Napa Sentinel in 1991.
Psychosurgery did not grow out of the biological movement just described, but merged with it.
The major distinction between the electrode and drug debates was that whereas psychosurgery was seen as benefiting the controller or society, Ritalin was used in the service of the impaired individual.
Femicide is on the extreme end of a continuum of anti-female terror that includes a wide variety of verbal and physical abuse, such as rape, torture, sexual slavery (particularly in prostitution), incestuous and extrafamilial child sexual abuse, physical and emotional battery, sexual harassment (on the phone, in the streets, at the office, and in the classroom), genital mutilation (clitoridectomies, excision, infibulations), unnecessary gynecological operations (gratuitous hysterectomies), forced heterosexuality, forced sterilization, forced motherhood (by criminalizing contraception and abortion), psychosurgery, denial of food to women in some cultures, cosmetic surgery, and other mutilations in the name of beautification.
More precision forms of psychosurgery and a wider range of implantable gizmos are very likely to follow.
Recognizing that purpose, many states have equated the intrusiveness of psychotropic medication with the intrusiveness of electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery.
What finally ended the lobotomy era was not any newfound compassion or enlightenment, but the emergence of antipsychotic drugs that made psychosurgery "redundant.
The Psychosurgery Debate: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Perspectives.
Psychosurgery, Conditioning, and the Prisoner's Right to Refuse Rehabilitation.
Mario's anxiety was so profound, and so impervious to other treatments, that six years ago his psychiatrists at Butler Hospital in Providence, Rhode Island, suggested psychosurgery, or what--in an effort to avoid the stigmatization associated with lobotomies and cingulotomies--is now being labeled more neutrally: neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders.