psychosurgery


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psychosurgery

[¦sī·kō′sər·jə·rē]
(medicine)
The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of various psychoses, severe neuroses, and chronic painful conditions by means of operative procedures on the brain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurosurgical treatment of mood disorders: traditional psychosurgery and the advent of deep brain stimulation.
(254) The simultaneous development of these drugs, along with electroshock, psychosurgery, and psychotherapy, convinced many doctors that even high-need institutionalized patients could, with treatment, eventually be released and live in the broader community.
A year before receiving the Nobel Prize, Moniz organised in Lisbon the First International Conference on Psychosurgery.
Practitioners of the day were confident in their ability to accurately identify those offenders at risk of reoffense and optimistic about their ability to cure some while incapacitating the truly "defective." (18) Rehabilitative techniques ranged from those that were overtly benign, such as vocational training and basic education, to those that decidedly were not, such as psychosurgery, forced sterilization, and physically intrusive "behavior modification" programs.
History of psychosurgery: psychiatrist's perspective.
It may even resemble the results of classic psychosurgery of the 1940s and 1950s, when aggressive patients were transformed into placid conformists--without the aggression but without any interest in life or in the activities that had once been central to their existence.
The chapter discusses predictive assessments, such as those of violence risk or future functional impairment, and the treatment of mental disorders, including the short and long term effects of medication, psychological treatment, brain stimulation, and psychosurgery. The final portion of the chapter discusses mental health evidence and ways to properly evaluate mental health experts and their testimony, including some limitations on admissibility of this type of evidence.
Title: Psychosurgery in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa
The treatment may not include the performance of "electro-convulsive therapy" or "psychosurgery" or "any other prohibited treatment that is prescribed": (ibid, s 672.61).
UCLA hosted the "Violence Project" in the early 1970's, and there are reports of experimental psychosurgery in the Vacaville state correctional facility in the same time period.