public prosecutor


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public prosecutor

Law an official in charge of prosecuting important cases

Public Prosecutor

 

the person who, in the name of the state, presses charges in court in criminal proceedings, In the USSR procurators and their deputies and assistants act as prosecutors. Pressing public charges is one of the means by which the procurator supervises strict observance of the laws.

The public prosecutor participates in the examination of evidence in court sessions, offers his conclusions on questions arising during trials, and makes an oral statement before the court, presenting his view on the conclusiveness of evidence, the application of criminal law, the degree of penalty, and other questions. An analysis of the causes and conditions that contributed to the perpetration of the crime and proposals on how to eliminate them are an essential part of the pleading of the public prosecutor. If the public prosecutor arrives at the conviction that the facts of the judicial inquest do not support the accusation against the defendant, it is his duty to withdraw the charges, explaining to the court the motives for the withdrawal. In these instances, the court is obliged to continue the examination of the case and decide the question of guilt on general considerations, based on the examined evidence and the arguments of all participants in the trial.

In foreign socialist countries the public accusation in court is also presented by a procurator. In bourgeois countries various officials function as public prosecutors authorized to carry out criminal prosecution. In the USA charges are presented before the Supreme Court in cases of exceptional importance by the attorney general, and before other federal courts charges are presented by a district attorney. In Great Britain the Office of the Director of Public Prosecution was founded in 1879 to bring charges in cases concerning the interest of the crown (the state). Other officials, including the police, may act as prosecutors. In France, according to the Code of Procedure of 1958, procurators affiliated with every criminal court bring public charges. In Switzerland, the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, Mexico, and Venezuela procurators who are attached either to the courts or to the ministries of justice function as public prosecutors.

References in periodicals archive ?
To this end, last week she held a number of separate meetings with members of the Council of Public Prosecutors whom she tried to convince that in addition to the strong international support she needed their support too to be able to begin working full steam ahead.
The public prosecutor informed the court that plaintiff had admitted before media that Mustafa Kanjou along with his gunmen killed Zain, the student by profession.
These days, I see and I hear how Sekerinska and Silegov are trying to explain to the public that the special public prosecutor will oblige the Ministry of Internal Affairs to initiate investigation for the "bombs".
A minor girl from North Paravur in Kerala, who was forced into sex trade by her parents, appears set for another heartbreak as reports emerged on Friday that the assistant public prosecutor handling the case allegedly attempted to sabotage it.
TUNIS (TAP) - Spokesperson for the Court of First Instance in Tunis, Deputy Public Prosecutor Sofiene Selliti denied media reports according to which the Public Prosecutor had ordered the initiation of a case against Caretaker President Moncef Marzouki and his former Chief of Staff Adnene Mansar for violation of Article 18 of the anti-terrorism law.
The public prosecutor asks life sentence for former President Kurmanbek Bakiev, former Chairman of State Guard Service Janysh Bakiyev, former Prime Minister Daniyar Usenov.
A special public prosecutor would also be appointed for the prosecution of these cases.
CAIRO Tue Feb 18, 2014(Reuters) - Egypt's public prosecutor charged on Tuesday two men it said were Israeli intelligence agents and two Egyptians with conspiring in Israel's interests, according to a statement from the prosecutor's office.
Summary: MPs Wednesday dropped the idea of creating a new "state prosecutor for the environment" post, opting instead to establish a special environmental public prosecutor with full prosecutorial rights, as well as an environmental police force.
Summary: LIKE most crises facing the country now, that of the Public Prosecutor might not witness close settlement despite the statement recently been made by the Supreme Judiciary Council (SJC) urging Talt Abdullah to step down.
Dutch Developer Chipshol demands the Public Prosecutor will prosecute four judges of the Haarlem court for perjury.
In its verdict, the judge ruled the public prosecutor had failed to present sufficient and competent evidence to substantiate the charges leveled against the defendant.

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