When Welsh workers led a strike by puddlers
and rollers at Richmond's Tredegar Iron Works in 1847, supervising manager Joseph Reid Anderson declared he would never again hire a "Pittsburgh Puddler
," which I take to be a euphemism for the Welsh because of the dominance of Welsh immigrants among Pittsburgh puddlers
See David Brody, Workers in Industrial America 3-4 (1980) (discussing coal miners); James Whiteside, Regulating Danger: The Struggle for Mine Safety in the Rocky Mountain Coal Industry 43-44 (1990) (same); Montgomery, supra note 40, at 10-22 (discussing steel workers); David Montgomery, Workers' Control in America 11 (1979) (discussing worker control among [i]ron molders, glass blowers, coopers, paper machine tenders, locomotive engineers, mule spinners, boiler makers, pipe fitters, typographers, jiggermen in potteries, coal miners, iron rollers, puddlers
and heaters, the operators of McKay or Goodyear stitching machines in shoe factories, and, in many instances, journeymen machinists and fitters in metal works").
With the switch over to steel, puddlers
and their skills were no longer needed.
Vibrating furnaces and other efforts to duplicate the motions of the highly skilled puddler
failed to produce wrought iron of the consistent quality that came from the metallurgical reactions of mixing limestone, coke, and pig iron and combined with human skill.
Unfortunately, the same can't be said about my favorite puddler
, the green-wing teal.
A steel-pouring ladle is located at one gateway and a statue of a welder and puddler
which symbolises Teesside's industrial heritage was introduced at the third.
Merthyr's sons & daughters are in America, South & North, California, Queensland, India, Russia, Australia and the Rocky Mountains - an old innkeeper of Caepantwyll lives tranquilly in Mexico and a Dowlais puddler
works in Hungary Although this report mentions Merthyr's sons and daughters, the emigration from Merthyr was led by men, usually young men, and often highly skilled workers.
Daybreak arrives over a small water puddler
setup facing a fickle north wind, conditions cloudy with a little sheet ice and light snow falling.
I first gained permission to hunt a sheetwater field in high school: 40 acres of puddler
paradise that comprised part of a dill and cucumber farm.
and Welder, created by artist Steve Tomlinson at the entrance to South Tees Business Park on the A66/Normanby Road junction as part of the council's industrial heritage gateway features.
I understand the iron ore, puddler
and welder statues on the A66 roundabouts.
Fowl Factory's skins slip over any duck decoy, so you can have a puddler
and diver rig at a fraction of the cost.