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Inflammation of the uterus, usually involving both the endometrium and myometrium.



inflammation of the muscular and mucosal layers of the uterus.

Metritis is caused by the introduction of infection (usually streptococcal or staphylococcal) into the uterine cavity after abortion or complications in labor. Less often, metritis is a complication of acute diseases, such as tuberculosis or tonsillitis. In the majority of cases it begins with inflammation of the mucosa, called endometritis, but in acute endometritis the inflammatory process almost always extends to the muscular layer, so that metritis proper develops and the entire process acquires the character of metroendometritis. Acute metritis is manifested by elevation of body temperature, general weakness, and headache. The uterus is enlarged and tender. Palpation produces vaginal discharges of pus or of blood and pus.

Acute metritis is treated with rest, cold applied to the lower abdomen, antibiotics, and sulfanilamide preparations. Chronic metritis is treated with physical therapy and health resort therapy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cows recovered from toxic puerperal metritis may show prolonged open days and prolonged inter calving interval resulting in economic loses to farmer (Karimi et al., 2004).
Treatment of toxic puerperal metritis in Iraqi buffalo cows.
The sequelae of treating puerperal metritis without recovery of relapse may lead to septic metritis which is difficult to treat.
Puerperal metritis was associated with higher uterine bacterial isolation rate (2.1 [+ or -] 0.41 bacteria/animal) compared to normal animals (1 [+ or -] 0.19 bacteria/ animal) (P<0.01).
Contrarily, present study did not find significant variation in plasma ALKP levels between cows and buffaloes with and without puerperal metritis.
Since infections/tissue inflammatory reactions in immediate postpartum period can lead to serious metabolic derangements, further investigation involving statistically significant sample size can provide a clearer, practically useful indication as to effects of puerperal metritis on liver and kidney function.
Puerperal metritis has been major problem in bovine reproduction.
Puerperal metritis condition is often associated with retention of placenta, dystocia and still birth.
The cow was initially suspected to have toxic puerperal metritis with hypocalcaemia.
Serum haptoglobin concentrations in Holstein dairy cattle with toxic puerperal metritis. Vet.
Puerperal metritis has been a major problem in bovine reproduction for many years.