puffer

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puffer

or

pufferfish,

common name for some tropical marine fish of the family Tetraodontidae. The puffers and their allies, including the boxfish, the porcupinefish, the triggerfishtriggerfish,
any of several species of tropical reef fishes with laterally compressed bodies, heavy scales, and tough skins. They are named for the mechanism of the three spines of the dorsal fin: when the fish is alarmed the first of these spines is locked upright by the second
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, and the marine sunfish form an odd group (order Tetraodontiformes). The puffers, or blowfishes or swellfishes, named for their ability to inflate their bodies to three times normal size, are found all along the Atlantic coast, e.g., the northern puffer (Sphoeroides maculatus), and in the Pacific. Their prickly skin is exaggerated into stout spines in the porcupinefish (family Diodontidae) and the related spiny boxfish, or burrfish, which are also able to inflate themselves. Like the puffers, they feed on marine invertebrates.

The ocean sunfish, or headfish, and its relatives (genus Mola, family Molidae), occur widely in all seas, though the southern sunfish, or bump-head sunfish, is found only in the Southern Hemisphere. Their appearance is that of a huge silvery to gray head with fins attached, as the body does not taper. Sunfish move clumsily and are usually seen basking in the sun. The sunfish are among the largest of all fishes; the southern sunfish can exceed 5,000 lb (2,300 kg). Considered threatened, sunfish are used for food in some East Asian countries.

Puffers and their allies are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Tetraodontiformes.

puffer

[′pəf·ər]
(mining engineering)
A small stationary engine used in coal mines for hoisting material.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an advert to sell the puffer on social media, Mr MacArthur said: "I have put my pride and joy on the market, due to a severe lack of time.
So far PUFFER has tested well on a couple of wildly different places on Earth: in the Mojave Desert and the Mt.
Scotland's Vital Spark: The Clyde Puffer features archive footage and recollections from the bygone days of the little puffer boats, which came to be known as the workhorses of Scottish waterways.
A portion of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) mitochondrial gene was amplified and compared with COI sequences from FDA-authenticated reference standards for various species of puffer fish (3).
From a tiny galley on the last coal–fired puffer to ply the waters off the Clyde coast, amazing meals are being produced.
Occurrence of paralytic shellfish poison in Bangladeshi freshwater puffers. Toxicon 35:423-431.
But in both Japan and the US, death by firearms, automobiles, substance abuse and patriotic fervor is far more common than puffer poisoning.
The fugu (puffer) gets its name from its ability to expand its body by two to three times normal size when it becomes agitated or frightened, thus taking on a balloon shape.
Pooley's Puffers has building kits from Metcalfe, Parkside, Dapol, Wills and Ratio together with a good range of fully-tested and guaranteed second-hand model railways, diecast road vehicles and accessories.
Steam-powered puffers were a vital supply link in the Firth of Clyde and the recently refitted Vital Spark looks better than ever.
A PUFFER fish which became an international celebrity after being featured in a National Geographic magazine has a new home at Tynemouth's Blue Reef Aquarium.