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breed of sturdy, compact toy dogtoy dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate very small breeds of dogs kept as pets. Some are selectively bred diminutive forms of larger breeds and others are naturally small.
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 that became popular in England during the 19th cent. It stands about 11 in. (27.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 14 to 18 lb (6.4–8.2 kg). Its short, smooth, glossy coat is either silver or apricot fawn in color with black mask and ears. As is true of most toy dogs that have short faces and tails curled tightly over their backs, the pug probably originated in China. Traders of the Dutch East India CompanyEast India Company, Dutch,
1602–1798, chartered by the States-General of the Netherlands to expand trade and assure close relations between the government and its colonial enterprises in Asia.
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 brought specimens of the breed back to Holland from Southeast Asia and later introduced them into England, where they quickly became fashionable with the nobility. Today the pug is raised as a watchdog and pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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(also Dutch pug), a breed of small dog, similar to the bulldog, of ancient origin. The pug was imported into Holland in the late 17th century from China, its native land. It was subsequently imported into England, where its present-day strains were developed. Pugs measure 25–32 cm high at the shoulder and weigh between 2.5 and 6 kg. They are stocky and cobby animals that tend to be overweight. The short hair is silver-gray or pale yellow; the muzzle, ears, and back-trace are black. Pugs are raised by dog breeders in many countries, including the USSR.


1. a small compact breed of dog with a smooth coat, lightly curled tail, and a short wrinkled nose
2. any of several small geometrid moths, mostly of the genus Eupithecia, with slim forewings held outstretched at rest
References in periodicals archive ?
NT, never trodden; U, usual; PP, previously pugged Depth Horotiu Te Kowhai Hauraki (mm) NT U PP NT U PP NT U PP Aggregates > 60 mm 0-50 5a 6a 34b 7a 61b 28b 0 10 0 50-100 12a 19a 64b 12a 53b 65b 3a 28ab 51b 100-150 19a 5a 66b 34 41 36 7 34 29 Aggregates < 20 mm 0-50 69 63 52 61a 18b 45a 71a 32b 56a 50-100 46a 45a 19b 60a 22b 21b 66a 24b 12b 100-150 39a 47a 20b 37 29 41 53a 14b 14b
Mean percentage change (minus indicates decrease) in soil properties (50-100 mm depth increment) from the usual to the previously pugged treatment for each of the three soils Soil Percentage difference for each soil type property Horotiu Te Kowhai Hauraki Bulk density 24(*) -4 34(*) Total porosity -10(*) 2 -16(*) [K.sub.sat] -56 -81 -64 [K.sub.-100] -85 -80 -80 Pores >60/ [micro] m 145 -25 2 Pores >30/ [micro] m 77(*) -19 0 Aggregate >60 mm 237(*) 23 82 Aggregate <20 mm -58(*) -5 -50
Strategies to ameliorate and avoid pugging damage, particularly on the Te Kowhai and Hauraki soils, are required to maintain macroporosity at adequate levels and increase infiltration rates of previously pugged soil.