Pulmonaria

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Pulmonaria

 

(lungwort), a genus of plants of the family Boraginaceae. They are perennial pubescent herbs with creeping rhizomes and entire leaves. The flowers are five-parted and in an apical inflorescence (bostryx). The corolla has a funnelshaped tube and five tufts of hair on its throat. The fruit has four one-seeded nutlets. There are approximately ten species in the temperate zones of Eurasia. Five or six species grow in the USSR. Pulmonaria obscura is found in the European USSR, in broad-leaved and mixed forests and in thickets. It blossoms in the spring; at first the flowers are pink, subsequently turning violet, lilac, or blue. This species is frequently mistaken for lungwort (P. qfficinalis), which is native to Western Europe. P. mollissima, which has blue-violet flowers, grows in southern regions in sparse deciduous forests and steppe brush. The foliage of the Pulmonaria contains tannic substances and large amounts of mucilage, which is used in folk medicine as an expectorant and astringent. All species yield nectar. Some species are grown at times as ornamentals.

T. V. EGOROVA

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There are bees on the wing visiting snowdrops, pulmonarias and hellebores in February and occasionally even January.
Plant a drift of primula 'Blue Riband', 'Tawny Port' or any of the purply bronzeleaved hybrids among dark hellebores and blue pulmonarias.
They'll look gorgeous when combined with other late winter/ early spring flowers such as primulas, pulmonarias and bergenias, along with some spring bulbs like snowdrops, chionodoxa and crocuses.
Tidy up clump-forming spring-flowering perennials such as pulmonarias, cutting down the foliage to encourage new leaves.
Some plants benefit from shade, like daffodils, snowdrops, primulas, hellebores and pulmonarias, best planted under deciduous trees like silver birch which cast a light dapppled shade.
Cut down doronicums and pulmonarias after flowering.
Backed by blue pulmonarias and white azaleas, the annual display is the essence of spring.
Pulmonarias are also terrific woodland plants, flowering long and early, whose foliage is often marbled and whose small flowers go from pink to blue.
Plant a drift of primula Blue Riband, Tawny Port or any of the purply bronze-leaved hybrids among dark hellebores and blue pulmonarias.
Unlike all the other pulmonarias, it all but disappears in midwinter but its plain leaves poke through at the first hint of spring.
Celandines The deep blue |of pulmonarias, pictured, helps yellow-floured helleborus x hybridus glow more brightly Protecting.