The two concepts proposed aim to offer a unique gasoline engine variable geometry and dedicated pulsating flow
energy recovery benefits, leading in both cases to improved turbine total-to-static efficiency, lower inertia, improved "time to torque", and improved fuel consumption and emissions, compared to conventional designs.
The 5-axis impeller, machined from solid forged aluminium, is also directly connected to the blower's motor shaft, resulting in zero transmission losses, while the centrifugal technology eliminates low-frequency pulsating flow
of the impeller, ensuring less noise transmission.
This single screw extruder is generally added at the end of the kneader to avoid the pulsating flow
due to the axial movement of the screw.
Shafii, "Analysis of liquid-vapor pulsating flow
in a U-shaped miniature tube," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol.
[6.] Bressler, H., Rammoser, D., Neumaier, H., and Terres, F., "Experimental and Predictive Investigation of a Close Coupled Catalytic Converter with Pulsating Flow
," SAE Technical Paper 960564, 1996, doi:10.4271/960564.
[16.] Zhang, Y., Faghri, A., and Shafii, M.B., "Analysis of Liquid-Vapor Pulsating Flow
in a U-shaped Miniature Tube", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol.
Sirakov et al., "Performance Characterization of Twin-Scroll Turbine Stage for Vehicular Turbocharger Under Unsteady Pulsating Flow
Environment," Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol.
Dynamic Characteristics Simulation with Pulsating Flow
 considered simplest form of pulsating flow
(sinusoidal) for characterising pattern of blood flow during reconstructive surgery.
(10) This torrential pulsating flow
may increase the risk of a vascular catastrophe such as the rupture of a major artery at one of the graft anastomoses, potentially causing the death of the fetus or mother.
As pulsating flow
of water kept him in the rhythm of her strides__ On these mountain slopes, her warmth impaled his life with splendour and delight.
Numerical simulation of the turbine gas meter behavior in the pulsating flow
, Journal of Heat Transfer.