Our study also does not support using bacterial septic tank additives as a substitute or to reduce septic tank pumping frequency
. The effect of the initial (X) sludge, scum, and total solids contents prior to additive application was significant all the time.
Instruction provided to mothers regarding the use of a breast pump included: (a) steps in operation of full-service automatic electric breast pump while in hospital, (b) double pumping both breasts simultaneously, (c) pumping frequency of 6-8 times daily, (d) pumping duration of 10-15 minutes/breast, (e) proper storage and handling of breastmilk, and (f) access to rental breast pumps for home use.
Instruction to pump 6-8 times in 24 hours, allowing for one 5-hour stretch of sleep at night, supports postpartum recovery and increases compliance with pumping frequency.