Purism

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purism

insistence on traditional canons of correctness of form or purity of style or content, esp in language, art, or music
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Purism

 

a movement in French painting in the second and third decades of the 20th century. The founders and chief proponents of purism were A. Ozenfant and C. E. Jeanneret (Le Corbusier). The purists protested against what they considered to be the merely decorative tendencies of cubism, which was marked by deliberate distortion. They sought to clearly render “stable” objective forms and to represent “primary” elements, which could be apprehended with minimum effort. Purist works were marked by emphatic two-dimensionality and the flowing rhythm of semitransparent silhouettes and outlines of objects (intentionally of one type—carafes, tumblers, and similar items). Purism failed to develop in painting, but, after undergoing a substantial number of theoretical revisions, found application in modern architecture, particularly in the designs of Le Corbusier.

REFERENCES

Modernizm (collection of articles). Moscow, 1973.
Jeanneret, C. E., and A. Ozenfant. Après le cubisme. Paris, 1918.

Purism

 

efforts to purify a literary language of foreign borrowings and neologisms and to prevent its penetration by non-normative lexical and grammatical elements, including colloquialisms, popular speech, and dialectisms.

Purism is characteristic of a period in which the norms of a national literary language are becoming established and its stylistic system is changing. Such periods, marked by an influx of new lexical elements and their stylistic redistribution, are generally associated with political and cultural movements; this has been the case in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Turkey, India, and elsewhere. Purists have sometimes insisted that if a national language is to be distinctive, it must be completely purged of even essential borrowings: that is, words of foreign origin already part of the language must be replaced by native words or by neologisms composed from native morphemes.

In Russian democratic literary criticism of the 19th century, represented by such writers as V. G. Belinskii, the term “purism” denoted a formal, conservative attitude toward language; the chief proponents of this view were A. S. Shishkov, F. V. Bul-garin, N. I. Grech, and M. P. Pogodin.

REFERENCES

Vinokur, G. O. “O purizme.” In his book O kul’ture iazyka, 2nd ed.
Moscow, 1929. Vinokur, G. O. Russkii iazyk. Moscow, 1945.

T. V. VENTTSEL

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of this book, in Lauziere's words, is to trace the making of Salafism as concept in both its modernist and its purist versions, and to explain how the latter supplanted the former.
For purists beer drinking is a very serious business!
And if a politicized faith system like Shia is regarded as the gravest innovation that needs to be cleansed, the politicization of purist Salafism is inevitable.
Over the past 10 years, such purists have become consumed with shows such as "Monty Python's Spamalot" and Mel Brooks' "The Producers." Purists know every blessed line of dialogue and every single note of music from these shows.
The "purist" diagnosis is largely right, and the "reformist" agenda would reprise the same errors that most conservatives made during the Bush years: subordinating conservative priorities to Republican electoral objectives, identifying the advance of conservative ideas with Republican electoral success, and engaging not in the reform of conservatism but in its continued transformation beyond all recognition.
What is more, purist ideologues authored a document entitled Negara Islam [Islamic State], seeking to flesh out more formally the dimensions of penetrating Islamist governance.
In the end, the roses were well received and the artist was awarded an exhibition." Three other early multifanged actions were similarly crucial: his gonged appearance (with Bruce Pollack) on The Gong Show in 1978; his drive-by kidnapping of artist-turned-politician Lowell Darling (Kidnap Attempt, 1978); and his own little bravura ring cycle, a critique, in part, of purist art sensibilities for which Labat turned his studio into a training facility (Terminal Gym, 1980-81).
The first three chapters of Mullin's work successively place the short stories "An Encounter" and "Eveline" along with A Portrait of the Artist in the context of the social purists' attempts to protect young people from corruption, while the last three argue through readings of "Scylla and Charybdis," "Nausicaa," and "Circe," respectively, that Joyce purposely incited the 1921 purist intervention into the publication of Ulysses.
While I have big problems with the neo-Luddite purist tendencies of this movement (and I ridicule them for their purism in the book), I do admire the way the eco-anarchists organize themselves by consensus, without authority or hierarchy.
Kohler's new Purist"wet surface" lavatory doubles as extra counter space when you're not running the water.
While the documentation is extensive, including contemporary correspondence, materials from the archives of the ministry of foreign affairs, reports of negotiations, memoirs, contemporary historical accounts, among others, and well-correlated in the notational apparatus, Sancy still comes across as a bit of an arriviste, rather than the ideological purist devoted to the crown Schrenck would have us believe Sancy to be.
Purist(tm) Wet Surface Lavatory Complete With Open-Bottom, Limoges Porcelain Hand Basin And Purist Mirrored Cabinet With Integral Laminar Faucet