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the name of certain administrative units, under the jurisdiction of court officials serving the Russian princes. They existed from the 14th to the first half of the 16th century.
The puti supplied the court with various products. There were puti administered by the master of the stables (in charge of the prince’s horses, herds, and pastures), the hunt master (hunting), the falconer (falconry), the master of the table (fishing, orchards, and vegetable gardens), and the master of the cup (beekeeping). These officials, also known as putnye boyars, supervised servants living in the villages of the puti: falconers, gyr-falconers, beaver hunters, wild-hive beekeepers, vegetable and fruit gardeners, and so forth.
The Russian puti are comparable to the Mongol darugi, called dorogi in Russian sources. Although the puti were abolished about the middle of the 16th century, the term was occasionally used until the 17th century.