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Related to putrescine: ornithine, cadaverine, spermine


see decay of organic matterdecay of organic matter
or putrefaction,
process whereby heterotrophic organisms, including some bacteria, fungi, saprophytic plants, and lower animals, utilize the remains of once-living tissue as a source of nutrition.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1,4-tetramethylenediamine), NH2(CH2)4NH2, one of the biogenic amines. Putrescine is a crystalline substance, with a melting point of 27°-28°C. It was first discovered in the products of the putrefactive decomposition of proteins. It is formed during the bacterial decarboxylation of the amino acid ornithine. In organic tissue, putrescine serves as the source compound for the synthesis of the physiologically active poly-amines spermidine and spermine. These substances, together with putrescine, cadaverine, and other diamines, are constituents of ribosomes and help support the ribosome structure.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of arginine or putrescine on growth, yield and yield components of late sowing wheat.
It is interesting to note that DFMO treatment alone almost completely depleted putrescine levels and significantly decreased the levels of spermidine and spermine in SW620 cells, while apigenin treatment resulted in a concentration-dependent increase in putrescine levels and decrease in spermine levels with a decrease in the level of total polyamine content (Figures 6(a) and 6(b)), indicating that polyamine catabolism is promoted by apigenin to some extent.
The same company also supplied five bioactive amine standards: putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), histamine (HIM), tyramine (TYM) and tryptamine (TRM).
However, little information exists on the use of putrescine on keeping quality and vase life improvement of cut alstroemeria flowers.
Specifically, the amounts of biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, histamine and thyramine) are informative because their presence reveals severe deviations in production technology and indicates product spoiling.
Evidence for horizontal gene transfer as origin of putrescine production in Oenococcus oeni RM83.
Raychelle Burks, the corpse perfume's mastermind and a chemistry post-doctoral fellow at Doane University in Nebraska said she was inspired by the TV series' first season and assures that the chemicals, mainly "putrescine" and "cadaverine", live up to their name.
The basic cadaverine and putrescine, are aliphatic diamines and are causative of the odor of dead animals that originate from the amino acids, arginine and lysine by bacterial decarboxylation.
Effect of butyric acid, valeric acid, and putrescine," Journal of Dairy Science, vol.
These compounds represent stimulant amphetamine analogues, homologues, and derivatives (e.g., 2- and 1-phenethylamines); hallucinogenic amphetamines (3,4-methylenedioxy and 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine analogues and derivatives, 3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine); their main precursors (e.g., sympathomimetic amines such as ephedrine, its analogues and isomers, safrole, isosafrole, PMK, BMK, etc.); compounds structurally similar to the side chain of amphetamines (e.g., putrescine and cadaverine); and other controlled substances (cocaine, opiates, opioids, etc.).
To prove MGP was a substrate for tTG we attempted incorporation of radiolabeled putrescine as described [44].