quadrate


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quadrate

1. one of a pair of bones of the upper jaw of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, and birds that articulates with the lower jaw. In mammals it forms the incus
2. of or relating to this bone
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
queenslandicus he includes the presence of up to three dorsal longitudinal ridges in the interorbital region, pterygoids extensively underlapping basicranium and with interpterygoid vacuity situated beneath rather than anterior to the basicranium; paroccipital process contacting quadrate flange of pterygoid at lateral articulation only, and robust hyoids.
The mandibular process of the quadrate presents four distinct condyles: the medial condyle (Condylus medialis)--rounded in all the species analysed--the lateral condyle (Condylus lateralis)--long and stronger than the medial, articulating with the jugal bar laterally from a dorsal process--the caudal condyle (Condylus caudalis)--an extension of the lateral condyle, being fused--and the condyle pterygoideus --located medially, which articulates with the pterygoid by its quadratic articulated facet.
For the study 150 quadrates were laid by stratified random sampling approach (Kent and Coker, 1996).
The unit is composed of three layers: quadrate fractal structure (QFS) (top layer), metal plane (bottom layer), and substrate with W = 6 mm in the side length (intermediate layer).
The liver is anatomically divided into left, right, caudate and quadrate lobes based on its peritoneal attachments.
The density and dry weight of weeds were taken at 30, 60 DAS and at harvest in each plot using a quadrate of 0.25[m.sup.2].
Yao et al., "The ultraviolet laser from individual ZnO microwire with quadrate cross section," Optics Express, vol.
Applied anatomy of the transposition of musculocutaneous flap of quadrate muscle of upper lip for repairing skin defect in the middle region of face.
The lateral condyle of bone quadrate (Condylus lateralis--CoL) (Fig.
The data for density, frequency, cover and other derived parameters was collected using fixed quadrate method and analyzed by using canonical correspondence analysis technique.