camass

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camass

or

camas

(both: kăm`əs), any species of the genus Camassia (or Quamasia), hardy North American plants of the family Lilaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family), chiefly of moist places in the far West, where their abundance has given rise to various place names. The bulbs of the common camass (C. quamash) were a staple food of Northwestern Native Americans; it is now cultivated as an ornamental for its showy blue to white blossoms. Camass, or quamash, was the Native American name. An eastern camass is called wild hyacinth. The death camass (Zygadenus venenosus), with leaves poisonous to sheep, is similar in appearance but distinguishable by having three styles instead of six. Camass is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
flower, quamash is native to Canada and the western United States, and
The most popular species is Camassia esculenta, also tautologously known as Camassia quamash, which grows flower spikes to 80cm (32in) tall with blooms opening along the top 30cm (12in).
The most significant of the edibles, camas (Camassia quamash), was eaten during the first of many friendly encounters with the Nez Perce along Idaho's Clearwater River.
These are tall lily-like plants from the USA -American Indians called them 'quamash' and used to dig them up to eat the bulbs.
One of the best is Camassia esculenta, quamash. You can grow it in any border, preferably in sun, or naturalise it in grass.