quantum wire


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quantum wire

[′kwän·təm ′wīr]
(electronics)
A strip of conducting material about 10 nanometers or less in width and thickness that displays quantum-mechanical effects such as the Aharanov-Bohm effect and universal conductance fluctuations.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have presented a theoretical approach of the effects of an intense laser beam on a neutral donor impurity located in a quantum well, which is also within quantum wire with semiconductor materials of low dimensionality.
Peter, <<Intense field effects on shallow donor impurities in a quantum wire,>> The European Physical Journal B, vol.
The quantum wire laser converts electricity into coherent light by means of a wire-like core.
Other attempts at making quantum wire lasers have started with an optical material that is etched down to quantum sizes.
Surface Structure Dependent Growth of InAs/InAlAs Quantum Wires on InP(100).
Two dimension quantum wells (confined in one dimension) (3) and one dimension quantum wires (4-6) (confinement in two dimensions) also exhibit quantum size effect, each with its own ramifications.
Discussion begins with the basis for understanding the basic properties of semiconductors and gradually evolves to cover quantum structures- including single, multiple, and quantum wells and the properties of nanomaterial systems, such as quantum wires and dots.
It also explores new fields of research that include surface plasmonics and micro-ring resonators and the theory of optical gain and absorption in quantum dots and quantum wires and their uses in semiconductor lasers.