quantum wire


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quantum wire

[′kwän·təm ′wīr]
(electronics)
A strip of conducting material about 10 nanometers or less in width and thickness that displays quantum-mechanical effects such as the Aharanov-Bohm effect and universal conductance fluctuations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other attempts at making quantum wire lasers have started with an optical material that is etched down to quantum sizes.
We have presented a theoretical approach of the effects of an intense laser beam on a neutral donor impurity located in a quantum well, which is also within quantum wire with semiconductor materials of low dimensionality.
Peter, <<Intense field effects on shallow donor impurities in a quantum wire,>> The European Physical Journal B, vol.
The systemswe consider include quantum dots, one dimensional quantum wires, two dimensional planarsystems, and surfaces of three dimensional systems.
In general, quantum wires, wells, and dots are grown by advanced epitaxial techniques in nanocrystals produced by chemical methods or by ion implantation, or in nanodevices created from state-of-the-art lithographic techniques.
Results are often developed in parallel first for bulk material, and then for quasi-two-dimensional quantum wells and for quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires.
The charge patterns drain the sheet of electrons below to form quantum wires and dots.
Two dimension quantum wells (confined in one dimension) (3) and one dimension quantum wires (4-6) (confinement in two dimensions) also exhibit quantum size effect, each with its own ramifications.