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(kĕtsäl`) or


(kāsäl`), common name for a magnificent bird of the family Trogonidae (trogontrogon
, family of tropical jungle birds related to the roadrunners and including the quetzal. Trogons are sedentary arboreal birds, 10 to 14 in. (25.4–35.6 cm) long, with short rounded wings, long squared tails, and small weak legs.
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 family), found in the rain forests from S Mexico to Costa Rica at altitudes of up to 9,000 ft (2,745 m). It is strikingly beautiful, with a crested head, bronze-green back, and crimson and white underparts. Quetzals nest in holes, and lay from two to four eggs per clutch. The male shares incubation duties with the female. The nesting hole has a single entrance, not two as was once believed. The Aztec and Maya used the 2-ft (61-cm) shimmering green tail plumes of the breeding male ceremonially and worshiped the bird as the god of the air, associating it with the god QuetzalcoatlQuetzalcoatl
[Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar.
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. The quetzal, Pharomachrus mocino, is the national bird of Guatemala, and a monetary unit of the country is also called a quetzal. Quetzals are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Trogoniformes, family Trogonidae.



(Pharomachrus mocino), a bird of the order Trogoniformes. The body (without the tail) measures approximately 40 cm long. The head, breast, and back are an iridescent green, the lower part of the breast and the abdomen are crimson, and the tail is black and white and entirely covered by very long (up to 80 cm) upper coverts. The bird inhabits the mountain rain forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to western Panama. It nests twice a year in tree hollows, producing two pale blue eggs at a time. The quetzal feeds on small fruits. The young are initially fed insects and small lizards, then fruits. The quetzal is the national bird of Guatemala.

References in periodicals archive ?
El control de presiones de las finanzas internacionales le han dado certeza al quetzal en momentos de turbulencia politica al interior.
mocinno), implicating an interrupted current gene flow between the quetzal subspecies.
Ya esta transido, pobre de rocio, este enorme quetzal de la nada.
The song is unmistakable and unforgettable and in order to hear it one must trek up to the cloud forests of Guatemala, a country so steeped in quetzal lore that the bird is the national symbol and its visage graces the flag.
The consulting firm KBC picked Puerto Quetzal and Puerto Armuelles from a list of 12 possible locations.
The Resplendent Quetzal is a glorified parrot with brilliant emerald green colours and streaming tail feathers," says Eric.
We're still more than 100 miles from Quetzal, and there's yet another big storm between Guatemala and Panama, so our hopes of arriving there for the weekend have receded somewhat,'' says Clive.
wide plumes of quetzal, I contemplate the faces of jades: they are
The Sierra, located in Southeastern Guatemala, protects a unique variety of five mountain ecosystems, and provides refuge to the world-famous iridescent green resplendent quetzal.
It's a quick, descending tone that might ring a bell in your memory--if you have ever heard a resplendent quetzal bird's call.
For example, the resplendent quetzal, a colourful, long-tailed bird of the Monteverde Cloud Forest region, will migrate from protected zones to agricultural zones to graze on the wild varieties of avocado trees that grow there.
Quetzalcoatl (from Nahuatl quetzalli, "tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno]" + coatl, "snake") The Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon.