quinoa


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quinoa

(kēnwä`), tall annual herb (Chenopodium quinoa) of the family Chenopodiaceae (goosefootgoosefoot,
common name for the genus Chenopodium, as well as for the goosefoot family, Chenopodiaceae, a family of widely distributed shrubs and herbs that includes the beet, spinach, and mangel-wurzel.
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 family), whose seeds have provided a staple food for peoples of the higher Andes since pre-Columbian times. The plant resembles the related lamb's-quarters of North America; the seeds are threshed, winnowed, and prepared like grain. Quinoa is eaten boiled like rice, used in soup or porridge, toasted in the form of tortillas, or mixed with wheat flour for bread. In the United States and other non-Andean nations quinoa has become popular as an alternative to rice and other grains for its higher protein content and other nutritional value. Most commerically grown quinoa is processed to remove the bitter-tasting saponins that coat the seeds.

Quinoa also has been used for poultry and livestock feed and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage called chicha, more commonly made from corn, but commercial production for export, which brings higher prices, has reduced traditional uses in Andean nations. The foliage is used for salad greens. Peru and Bolivia are the largest producers of quinoa. In the Inca Empire, where only the potato was more widely grown, quinoa is said to have been sacred; the year's first furrows were opened ceremoniously with a gold implement.

Quinoa is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Chenopodiaceae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

quinoa

see “Goosefoot”
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Quinoa

 

(Chenopodium quinoa) an annual herbaceous plant of the family Chenopodiaceae. The stalk is 1–2 m high; the leaves are on long peduncles and are trilobate. The flowers, which are small and whitish yellow, are in dense panicles. Quinoa grows in the mountains, primarily in Peru and Chile. Flour and groats are derived from the plant; the young leaves are used in place of spinach. Quinoa is sometimes cultivated in Europe as a vegetable.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

quinoa

[kwi′nō·ə]
(botany)
Chenopodium quinoa. An annual herb of the family Chenopodiaceae grown at high altitudes in South America for the highly nutritious seeds.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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