quipus


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quipus

or

khipus

(kē`po͞oz), groups of strings, knotted for tally, which were used by the IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 for keeping records and sending messages. The quipu, which is believed to have predated the rise of the Inca, was based on the decimal system. Small cords with knots in them were attached to a main cord or a top band; the color of the cord, its place, its size, and the knots in it were all of significance to the record or the message. The quipus had to be made up and deciphered by specially trained officials. The method of deciphering is not known today, although Andean shepherds still use a sort of quipu.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The knotted strings of quipus contained chronicles of the past, genealogies, ceremonies, and poetry, as well as accounting and statistical information.
his successor always had the life and exploits of his predecessor composed into historical ballads and recorded on quipus (the events chosen were, of course, subject to the vagaries of politics).
Though most of the quipus were quickly destroyed by the Spaniards, a number of them survived the flames and exist today.
The Quipus Foundation's most ambitious project is the Laikakota Cultural Complex, now partially completed on Laikakota Hill, overlooking La Paz.
During those years Quipus was still busy, showcasing a series of exhibitions of Bolivian masks, feather art, textiles, and pottery in the United States, Spain, Chile, Uruguay, and Brazil, as well as in Bolivia.
With the support of the PROCOSI, a Bolivian network of child development organizations, the Debt-for-Development Foundation in Washington, and Bolivia's Central Bank, Quipus raised enough money from USAID and Plan International, another child development organization, to purchase from twenty foreign banks a $33-million chunk of Bolivia's debt at a sharply discounted rate.
The third arm of the cultural complex, the Quipus Craft Development Program, will "encourage indigenous artisans to use and strengthen their traditional handicraft and artistic skills.
The Quipus Foundation's good deeds are not restricted to La Paz.
Make marks on the quipu to show the number of soldiers (D) and arrows (F).